Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients

Warren R. Stanton, John B. Lowe, Kevin P. Balanda, Christopher B. Del Mar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Smoking cessation reduces both the mortality and re-infarction rate amongst smokers who have experienced a myocardial infarction (MI). Smoking cessation programs have tended to be conducted with post-operative or seriously ill patients. In this study, we examined the efficacy of a relapse prevention program for hospital cardiovascular patients who did not require operative procedures or extensive hospitalization. A pre-post, two groups, control trial involving 208 patients (103 in the intervention group) recruited from three coronary care units in large metropolitan hospitals was used to assess the effect of the intervention. Smoking status of self-reported quitters were verified using CO concentrations in expired air. Complete follow-up was obtained from 129 (62.0%) of initial participants. At three months after discharge, the self-report quite rate in the intervention group was 19.4%, significantly higher than in the control group (7.6%) (p = 0.046). This difference persisted at nine months after discharge, when the self reported quit rate was 27.3% in the intervention group and 12.9% in the control group (p = 0.043). A behavior-based smoking cessation program was effective for less serious cardiovascular patients and the effect persisted for nine months after discharge.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery
EditorsJohan Egger, Mikel Kalb
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Pages187-200
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781608765805
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

relapse
smoking
evaluation
Group
hospitalization
mortality
air

Cite this

Stanton, W. R., Lowe, J. B., Balanda, K. P., & Del Mar, C. B. (2010). Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients. In J. Egger, & M. Kalb (Eds.), Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery (pp. 187-200). Nova Science Publishers.
Stanton, Warren R. ; Lowe, John B. ; Balanda, Kevin P. ; Del Mar, Christopher B. / Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients. Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery. editor / Johan Egger ; Mikel Kalb. Nova Science Publishers, 2010. pp. 187-200
@inbook{20ea53dec1c94872ae7bd9e8fec744d9,
title = "Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients",
abstract = "Smoking cessation reduces both the mortality and re-infarction rate amongst smokers who have experienced a myocardial infarction (MI). Smoking cessation programs have tended to be conducted with post-operative or seriously ill patients. In this study, we examined the efficacy of a relapse prevention program for hospital cardiovascular patients who did not require operative procedures or extensive hospitalization. A pre-post, two groups, control trial involving 208 patients (103 in the intervention group) recruited from three coronary care units in large metropolitan hospitals was used to assess the effect of the intervention. Smoking status of self-reported quitters were verified using CO concentrations in expired air. Complete follow-up was obtained from 129 (62.0{\%}) of initial participants. At three months after discharge, the self-report quite rate in the intervention group was 19.4{\%}, significantly higher than in the control group (7.6{\%}) (p = 0.046). This difference persisted at nine months after discharge, when the self reported quit rate was 27.3{\%} in the intervention group and 12.9{\%} in the control group (p = 0.043). A behavior-based smoking cessation program was effective for less serious cardiovascular patients and the effect persisted for nine months after discharge.",
author = "Stanton, {Warren R.} and Lowe, {John B.} and Balanda, {Kevin P.} and {Del Mar}, {Christopher B.}",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781608765805",
pages = "187--200",
editor = "Johan Egger and Kalb, {Mikel }",
booktitle = "Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery",
publisher = "Nova Science Publishers",

}

Stanton, WR, Lowe, JB, Balanda, KP & Del Mar, CB 2010, Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients. in J Egger & M Kalb (eds), Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery. Nova Science Publishers, pp. 187-200.

Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients. / Stanton, Warren R.; Lowe, John B.; Balanda, Kevin P.; Del Mar, Christopher B.

Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery. ed. / Johan Egger; Mikel Kalb. Nova Science Publishers, 2010. p. 187-200.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients

AU - Stanton, Warren R.

AU - Lowe, John B.

AU - Balanda, Kevin P.

AU - Del Mar, Christopher B.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Smoking cessation reduces both the mortality and re-infarction rate amongst smokers who have experienced a myocardial infarction (MI). Smoking cessation programs have tended to be conducted with post-operative or seriously ill patients. In this study, we examined the efficacy of a relapse prevention program for hospital cardiovascular patients who did not require operative procedures or extensive hospitalization. A pre-post, two groups, control trial involving 208 patients (103 in the intervention group) recruited from three coronary care units in large metropolitan hospitals was used to assess the effect of the intervention. Smoking status of self-reported quitters were verified using CO concentrations in expired air. Complete follow-up was obtained from 129 (62.0%) of initial participants. At three months after discharge, the self-report quite rate in the intervention group was 19.4%, significantly higher than in the control group (7.6%) (p = 0.046). This difference persisted at nine months after discharge, when the self reported quit rate was 27.3% in the intervention group and 12.9% in the control group (p = 0.043). A behavior-based smoking cessation program was effective for less serious cardiovascular patients and the effect persisted for nine months after discharge.

AB - Smoking cessation reduces both the mortality and re-infarction rate amongst smokers who have experienced a myocardial infarction (MI). Smoking cessation programs have tended to be conducted with post-operative or seriously ill patients. In this study, we examined the efficacy of a relapse prevention program for hospital cardiovascular patients who did not require operative procedures or extensive hospitalization. A pre-post, two groups, control trial involving 208 patients (103 in the intervention group) recruited from three coronary care units in large metropolitan hospitals was used to assess the effect of the intervention. Smoking status of self-reported quitters were verified using CO concentrations in expired air. Complete follow-up was obtained from 129 (62.0%) of initial participants. At three months after discharge, the self-report quite rate in the intervention group was 19.4%, significantly higher than in the control group (7.6%) (p = 0.046). This difference persisted at nine months after discharge, when the self reported quit rate was 27.3% in the intervention group and 12.9% in the control group (p = 0.043). A behavior-based smoking cessation program was effective for less serious cardiovascular patients and the effect persisted for nine months after discharge.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891973341&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=11116

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781608765805

SP - 187

EP - 200

BT - Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery

A2 - Egger, Johan

A2 - Kalb, Mikel

PB - Nova Science Publishers

ER -

Stanton WR, Lowe JB, Balanda KP, Del Mar CB. Evaluation of a smoking relapse prevention program for cardiovascular patients. In Egger J, Kalb M, editors, Smoking Relapse: Causes, Prevention and Recovery. Nova Science Publishers. 2010. p. 187-200