Cognitive fluctuations (CFs) are a core diagnostic feature of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Detection of CF is still mostly based on subjective reports from the patient or informant; more quantitative measures are likely to improve the accuracy for the diagnosis of DLB. The purpose of the current study is to test whether performance on the Sustained Attention Response Task (SART) could distinguish those patients with DLB with and without CF. Twenty-four patients with DLB were tested on the SART and performance was related to scores on the Clinical Assessment of Fluctuations (CAFs) and One Day Fluctuation Assessment Scale (ODFAS). The number of “misses” made was a significant predictor of their fluctuation severity, attentional performance, disorganized thinking, and language production ratings on the ODFAS. However, measures on the SART did not correlate with measures on the CAF scale. In conclusion, these findings suggest that SART is a feasible measure of sustained attention in this population and has clinical and diagnostic relevance to the measurement of CF, particularly those aspects measured by the ODFAS.