Environmental impact assessment of post tensioned and reinforced concrete slab construction

D. Miller, Jeung-Hwan Doh, Hong Guan, Mitchell Mulvey, Sam Fragomeni, Sean T McCarthy, Tim Peters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Australia, approximately 30 million tonnes of finished building products are produced each year, with over 56% of this quantity, by mass, being attributed to concrete and a further 6%, steel, highlighting the importance of maximising design efficiencies. The cement industry has been reported responsible for 5% of global carbon dioxide emissions while the construction, operation and maintenance of buildings are estimated to account for 50% of all energy usage and more than 50% of all anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally. This research determines some environmental advantages achievable through application of alternate concrete slab construction methods for a typical 10-storey office structure. Structural analysis results indicate a 36.9% reduction in concrete volume and 43.4% reduction in steel mass in a post tensioned slab structure in comparison with a conventional reinforced slab system. Similar results were observed when comparing reductions in embodied energy and global warming potential. These results highlight the improvements possible by the incorporation of improved sustainable design methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrom materials to structures: Advancement through innovation
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM22)
EditorsB Samali, M Attard, C Song
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherCRC Press
Pages1009-1014
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780415633185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventAustralasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials: Materials to Structures: Advancement through Innovation - UTS, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Duration: 11 Dec 201214 Dec 2012
Conference number: 22nd

Conference

ConferenceAustralasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials
Abbreviated titleACMSM22
CountryAustralia
CitySydney, NSW
Period11/12/1214/12/12

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  • Cite this

    Miller, D., Doh, J-H., Guan, H., Mulvey, M., Fragomeni, S., McCarthy, S. T., & Peters, T. (2013). Environmental impact assessment of post tensioned and reinforced concrete slab construction. In B. Samali, M. Attard, & C. Song (Eds.), From materials to structures: Advancement through innovation : Proceedings of the 22nd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM22) (pp. 1009-1014). London: CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b15320-180