Endothelin-I Stimulates Phosphatidylinositol Hydrolysis in the Iris/Ciliary Complex and is a Potent Constrictor of the Sphincter Muscle

N. N. Osborne, N. L. Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (0.5-10 nM) produced a concentration-related contraction of the isolated iris sphincter muscle. The contraction rate of the muscle was slower for endothelin than carbachol, but endothelin was also more potent than carbachol, although the maximum contraction size was greater for carbachol. The endothelin response was unaffected by atropine whereas the carbachol effect was abolished. Endothelin-1 and carbachol stimulate the accumulation of inositol phosphates in a concentrationrelated way. The endothelin response was unaffected by atropine, prazosin or ketanserin, but the carbachol effect was specifically-antagonized by atropine. It is suggested that activation of endothelin-1 receptors to stimulate phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis may be the initial phase in the contraction response of the iris sphincter muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-290
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Endothelins
Carbachol
Iris
Phosphatidylinositols
Hydrolysis
Muscles
Atropine
Endothelin-1
Endothelin A Receptors
Ketanserin
Inositol Phosphates
Prazosin
Muscle Contraction

Cite this

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abstract = "Endothelin-1 (0.5-10 nM) produced a concentration-related contraction of the isolated iris sphincter muscle. The contraction rate of the muscle was slower for endothelin than carbachol, but endothelin was also more potent than carbachol, although the maximum contraction size was greater for carbachol. The endothelin response was unaffected by atropine whereas the carbachol effect was abolished. Endothelin-1 and carbachol stimulate the accumulation of inositol phosphates in a concentrationrelated way. The endothelin response was unaffected by atropine, prazosin or ketanserin, but the carbachol effect was specifically-antagonized by atropine. It is suggested that activation of endothelin-1 receptors to stimulate phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis may be the initial phase in the contraction response of the iris sphincter muscle.",
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Endothelin-I Stimulates Phosphatidylinositol Hydrolysis in the Iris/Ciliary Complex and is a Potent Constrictor of the Sphincter Muscle. / Osborne, N. N.; Barnett, N. L.

In: Experimental Eye Research, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.01.1992, p. 285-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AB - Endothelin-1 (0.5-10 nM) produced a concentration-related contraction of the isolated iris sphincter muscle. The contraction rate of the muscle was slower for endothelin than carbachol, but endothelin was also more potent than carbachol, although the maximum contraction size was greater for carbachol. The endothelin response was unaffected by atropine whereas the carbachol effect was abolished. Endothelin-1 and carbachol stimulate the accumulation of inositol phosphates in a concentrationrelated way. The endothelin response was unaffected by atropine, prazosin or ketanserin, but the carbachol effect was specifically-antagonized by atropine. It is suggested that activation of endothelin-1 receptors to stimulate phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis may be the initial phase in the contraction response of the iris sphincter muscle.

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