We report evidence that singers maintain emotional facial expressions after vocalization has terminated, introducing a form of emotional lingering. Emotional lingering extends and complements acoustic signals of emotion, providing a visual signal of musical closure. We first describe evidence from production studies that emotional facial expressions continue beyond the acoustic dimension of music. We next describe evidence that perceivers are sensitive to facial expressions that occur beyond the production of sound, and that such signals carry reliable emotional information. We note that audiovisual experiences of music are compatible with current understandings of multisensory integration in the central nervous system. As such, investigations of performance should include consideration of facial expressions and other performance gestures.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the Interntional Symposium on Performance Science 2009|
|Editors||Aaron Williamon, Sharman Pretty, Ralph Buck|
|Place of Publication||Utrecht|
|Publisher||European Association of Conservatoires (AEC)|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|