Effects of long-term surfing on bone health in mature-aged males

Mike Climstein, Zachary Pollard, James Furness, Joe Walsh, Christopher McLellan, Jarrod Meerkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
62 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Low mechanical loading aquatic activities such as swimming and scuba diving have identified decreased bone mineral density (BMD); however, the effects of long-term surfing on bone health remains uninvestigated. This was a cross-sectional observational study with two groups: surfers (n = 11) with 40 years surfing experience and age and gender-matched sedentary controls (n = 10). Data collected included physical activity questionnaires, biomarkers, BMD, bone mineral content, and body composition. Surfers demonstrated a significantly (p <.05) higher mean BMD in the arms (+18.8%), trunk (+26.1%), ribs (+27.2%), spine (+39.5%), and lumbar spine (+22.8%). Surfers also exhibited a significantly (p <.05) higher BMC in the arms, trunk, ribs, spine, and pelvis. Surfers also had a significantly higher (p =.046) lean muscle mass in their arms (+16.8%). Our results indicate long-term participation in surfing is beneficial to bone health and may be an ideal physical activity for middle-aged aquatic enthusiasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-37
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Aquatic Research and Education
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

bone density
long term effects
bone
bones
spine (bones)
ribs
physical activity
middle-aged adults
lumbar spine
pelvis
observational studies
mineral
body composition
mineral content
biomarkers
questionnaires
scuba diving
muscles
gender
biomarker

Cite this

Climstein, Mike ; Pollard, Zachary ; Furness, James ; Walsh, Joe ; McLellan, Christopher ; Meerkin, Jarrod. / Effects of long-term surfing on bone health in mature-aged males. In: International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 24-37.
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abstract = "Low mechanical loading aquatic activities such as swimming and scuba diving have identified decreased bone mineral density (BMD); however, the effects of long-term surfing on bone health remains uninvestigated. This was a cross-sectional observational study with two groups: surfers (n = 11) with 40 years surfing experience and age and gender-matched sedentary controls (n = 10). Data collected included physical activity questionnaires, biomarkers, BMD, bone mineral content, and body composition. Surfers demonstrated a significantly (p <.05) higher mean BMD in the arms (+18.8{\%}), trunk (+26.1{\%}), ribs (+27.2{\%}), spine (+39.5{\%}), and lumbar spine (+22.8{\%}). Surfers also exhibited a significantly (p <.05) higher BMC in the arms, trunk, ribs, spine, and pelvis. Surfers also had a significantly higher (p =.046) lean muscle mass in their arms (+16.8{\%}). Our results indicate long-term participation in surfing is beneficial to bone health and may be an ideal physical activity for middle-aged aquatic enthusiasts.",
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Effects of long-term surfing on bone health in mature-aged males. / Climstein, Mike; Pollard, Zachary; Furness, James; Walsh, Joe; McLellan, Christopher; Meerkin, Jarrod.

In: International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2015, p. 24-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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