Effects of dietary selenium on post-ischemic expression of antioxidant mRNA

Kylie Venardos, Kevin Ashton, John Headrick, Anthony Perkins*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiac ischemia reperfusion leads to oxidative stress and poor physiological recovery. Selenium deficiency down-regulates thioredoxin reductase (Txnrd) and glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) activity, impairing recovery from ischemia-reperfusion. Furthermore, selenium supplementation has been shown to be cardioprotective and lessens oxidative stress in reperfused rat hearts. In this study we have investigated the role of selenium in the mRNA expression of these, and related antioxidant proteins, post ischemia-reperfusion. Male rats were fed varying doses of selenium for five weeks. Hearts were isolated and perfused using the Langendorff method with 22.5 min of global ischemia and 45 min reperfusion. RNA was extracted for quantitative real-time PCR analysis of glutathione peroxidase (Gpx)-1 and 4, glutathione reductase (Gsr), thioredoxin peroxidase-2 (Prdx2), thioredoxin (Txn) and thioredoxin reductase (Txnrd)-1 and 2 gene expression. Selenium deficiency produced significant reductions in Gpx-1, Gpx-4, Prdx2, Txnrd-1 and Txnrd-2 expression. Conversely, selenium supplementation of 1000 μg/kg significantly up-regulated Gpx-1, Gpx-4, Txn, Txnrd-1 and Txnrd-2 transcription. Our results show selenium modulates the cardiac mRNA expression of thioredoxin and glutathione related enzymes post ischemia-reperfusion, and impacts on tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes


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