Effects of cigarette smoking on electrodermal orienting reflexes to stimulus change and stimulus significance

Michael Lyvers, Yo Miyata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skin conductance responses (SCRs) evoked by novel, signal, and frequent tone stimuli were measured in 20 male heavy smokers and 10 male nonsmokers over two sessions. All smokers abstained from smoking for 12 hr prior to each session. Half of the smokers smoked a cigarette of their preferred brand prior to SCR measurement in the first session, whereas the remaining smokers smoked in the second session. Nonsmokers did not smoke. Results combined across the two sessions indicated that abstinence was associated with selective depression of SCRs to the novel tone. Separate analyses of results from each session revealed that, in the second session, SCRs to both novel and signal tones were depressed in abstinent smokers, partially replicating previous findings. By contrast, first session results showed no significant effects of smoking or abstinence. Results were interpreted in terms of nicotine's effects on nonspecific arousal, with some reservations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Cite this

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abstract = "Skin conductance responses (SCRs) evoked by novel, signal, and frequent tone stimuli were measured in 20 male heavy smokers and 10 male nonsmokers over two sessions. All smokers abstained from smoking for 12 hr prior to each session. Half of the smokers smoked a cigarette of their preferred brand prior to SCR measurement in the first session, whereas the remaining smokers smoked in the second session. Nonsmokers did not smoke. Results combined across the two sessions indicated that abstinence was associated with selective depression of SCRs to the novel tone. Separate analyses of results from each session revealed that, in the second session, SCRs to both novel and signal tones were depressed in abstinent smokers, partially replicating previous findings. By contrast, first session results showed no significant effects of smoking or abstinence. Results were interpreted in terms of nicotine's effects on nonspecific arousal, with some reservations.",
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Effects of cigarette smoking on electrodermal orienting reflexes to stimulus change and stimulus significance. / Lyvers, Michael; Miyata, Yo.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 05.1993, p. 231-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Lyvers, Michael

AU - Miyata, Yo

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