Effects of acute oral feeding on protein metabolism and muscle protein synthesis in individuals with cancer

Barbara S Van der Meij, Lynette de Groot, Nicolaas E P Deutz, Marielle P. Engelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Weight loss and muscle loss are common in individuals living with cancer, with ≤50% experiencing involuntary weight loss at any time point in their cancer journey, and between 11% and 74% having sarcopenia or significant muscle loss. These changes in body composition are related to poor outcomes such as increased treatment toxicity, impaired quality of life, and reduced survival duration. Poor outcomes are not restricted to those who are underweight with severe weight loss; sarcopenia alone has been shown to be a prognostic marker across all body mass index categories, ranging from underweight to obesity To understand the mechanism of nutrition interventions in cancer and to develop effective future interventions, it is necessary to look at the acute effects of feeding on the response of the body and the ability to reach an anabolic response. The aim of this study was to explore and summarize the emerging evidence on metabolic effects of acute oral interventions on whole body protein kinetics and muscle protein synthesis in individuals with cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110531
JournalNutrition
Volume67-68
Early online date24 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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Muscle Proteins
Sarcopenia
Weight Loss
Thinness
Neoplasms
Proteins
Muscles
Body Composition
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Quality of Life

Cite this

Van der Meij, Barbara S ; de Groot, Lynette ; Deutz, Nicolaas E P ; Engelen, Marielle P. . / Effects of acute oral feeding on protein metabolism and muscle protein synthesis in individuals with cancer. In: Nutrition. 2019 ; Vol. 67-68.
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Effects of acute oral feeding on protein metabolism and muscle protein synthesis in individuals with cancer. / Van der Meij, Barbara S; de Groot, Lynette; Deutz, Nicolaas E P; Engelen, Marielle P. .

In: Nutrition, Vol. 67-68, 110531, 11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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