Does political and economic freedom matter for inbound tourism? A cross-national panel data estimation

Shrabani Saha*, Jen Je Su, Neil Campbell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The article examines the impact of political and economic freedom on inbound tourism for more than 110 countries during 1995–2012. Panel country fixed-effects techniques are utilized to examine the relationship after controlling for other factors that contribute to inbound tourism. The results show that civil liberties and economic freedom (among several other freedom measures) are positively and significantly associated with inbound tourism. Examination of the moderation effect reveals that civil liberties (economic freedom) tend to play a more influential role on inbound tourism when the level of economic freedom (civil liberties) is relatively low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-234
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Travel Research
Issue number2
Early online date29 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


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