Does hydrotherapy improve a patient’s sense of mental wellbeing to a greater extend than physiotherapy prescribed home exercise programs alone? A pilot study

Amy Carere, Michael Warburton, Rob Marc Orr

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Question: Does hydrotherapy improve the mental wellbeing of individuals
with chronic conditions to a greater extent than a physiotherapy
prescribed home exercise program alone?
Design: Randomised crossover pilot study
Intervention: During the intervention period hydrotherapy sessions
were conducted for 45 minutes, twice weekly for four weeks (mean water
temperature 32.7±1.1°C).
Outcome Measures: Warwick-Edinburgh Well-being Scale (WEWBS) and
Short Form 36 (SF36) self-administered questionnaires.
Results: Ten participants (female n=9: male n=1: mean age=70±8.85
years) were included in this study. Following a paired t-test used to assess
the relative intervention effect, significant improvements (p=0.034) in
mental wellbeing, as measured by the WEWBS, were found following
the hydrotherapy intervention period. SF36-Physical Capacity Scores
approached, but did not achieve significance (p=0.061) while the SF36-
Mental Capacity Scores did not reach statistical significance (p=0.538)
following the hydrotherapy intervention. No significant difference in
change in outcome measures was detected when sequencing effects were
examined using independent t-tests following the cross over (p=0.153
to 0.793).
Conclusion: Hydrotherapy may enhance mental wellbeing and health
as well as physical health to a greater extent than a physiotherapy
prescribed home exercise program alone for individuals with a chronic
condition. However this was not consistent among mental wellbeing and
health scales.
Key Practice Points:
• Hydrotherapy is a viable treatment to improve a sense of wellbeing in
patients with chronic conditions.
• Objective outcome results may vary depending on the tool used.
• Hydrotherapy may also provide ancillary improvements in physical
capacity as measure by the SF 36 in these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages27
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
EventThe Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference 2015: Connect - Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 3 Oct 20156 Oct 2015
Conference number: 2015
http://www.physiotherapy.asn.au/Conference2015

Conference

ConferenceThe Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference 2015
Abbreviated titleAPA
CountryAustralia
CityGold Coast
Period3/10/156/10/15
Internet address

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Carere, A., Warburton, M., & Orr, R. M. (2015). Does hydrotherapy improve a patient’s sense of mental wellbeing to a greater extend than physiotherapy prescribed home exercise programs alone? A pilot study. 27. Abstract from The Australian Physiotherapy Association Conference 2015, Gold Coast, Australia.