Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies

Erika Hernandez, Maria M. Beitzel, Caitlin Heredia, Joseph Dulla, Jay J. Dawes, Rob Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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Abstract

Larger law enforcement agencies (LEAs) will often hold academy training classes that include recruits hired by the large agency (LA), and recruits hired by smaller agencies (referred to as participating agencies; PA). Ideally, recruits should have adequate levels of physical fitness prior to academy as higher levels of fitness increase their likelihood of completing academy training. However, LA that need to fill more positions may have recruits with a wider range of fitness levels. The purpose of this study was to compare the physical characteristics and fitness of incoming law enforcement recruits from a LA and PA prior to academy. Retrospective analysis was conducted on eight academy classes, with a total of 581 recruits (481 males, 100 females). Physical characteristics measured were: age (LA = 27.47 ± 6.55 years; PA = 27.13 ± 4.79 years), height (LA = 172.54 ± 11.13 cm; PA = 175.77 ± 8.22 cm), and body mass (LA = 80.45 ± 13.51 kg; PA = 81.34 ± 20.57 kg). The fitness tests included: pushups and sit-ups completed in 60 s; vertical jump (VJ); medicine ball throw with a 2-kg ball (MBT); 75-yard pursuit run (75PR), and multi-stage fitness test shuttles (MSFT). A univariate analysis of variance (p < 0.05), with sex as the covariate, was conducted to determine the difference between LA (n = 510) and PA (n = 70) recruits. There was a significant difference in push-ups and sit-ups between LA and PA, with recruits from the PA performing significantly more repetitions in the push-up (47 ± 13 vs. 42 ± 15) and sit-up (41 ± 9 vs. 35 ± 9) tests. There were no significant differences between LA and PA recruits in the other tests. The differences in the strength endurance tests may be indicative of the larger variation within a greater hiring pool to fill vacant positions for the LA in this study, leading to a greater range of fitness levels in their recruits. PA could also be more selective in their hiring if there are more applicants than positions, although this cannot be confirmed from this study. Nonetheless, due to select fitness differences between LA and PA recruits, LEA staff should recognize that differences that may exist in recruits from different agencies prior to training. Future analysis is needed to determine where any fitness differences that may exist between agencies prior to academy is influenced by training advice provided by the agency, or more selective hiring practices.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
EventThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine - Costa Mesa Hilton, Costa Mesa, United States
Duration: 26 Oct 201827 Oct 2018
Conference number: 38th
https://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/southwest/southwest-l2

Conference

ConferenceThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine
Abbreviated titleSWACSM
CountryUnited States
CityCosta Mesa
Period26/10/1827/10/18
Internet address

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Law Enforcement
Physical Fitness
Analysis of Variance
Medicine

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Hernandez, E., Beitzel, M. M., Heredia, C., Dulla, J., Dawes, J. J., Orr, R. M., & Lockie, R. G. (2018). Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.
Hernandez, Erika ; Beitzel, Maria M. ; Heredia, Caitlin ; Dulla, Joseph ; Dawes, Jay J. ; Orr, Rob Marc ; Lockie, Robert G. / Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.
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abstract = "Larger law enforcement agencies (LEAs) will often hold academy training classes that include recruits hired by the large agency (LA), and recruits hired by smaller agencies (referred to as participating agencies; PA). Ideally, recruits should have adequate levels of physical fitness prior to academy as higher levels of fitness increase their likelihood of completing academy training. However, LA that need to fill more positions may have recruits with a wider range of fitness levels. The purpose of this study was to compare the physical characteristics and fitness of incoming law enforcement recruits from a LA and PA prior to academy. Retrospective analysis was conducted on eight academy classes, with a total of 581 recruits (481 males, 100 females). Physical characteristics measured were: age (LA = 27.47 ± 6.55 years; PA = 27.13 ± 4.79 years), height (LA = 172.54 ± 11.13 cm; PA = 175.77 ± 8.22 cm), and body mass (LA = 80.45 ± 13.51 kg; PA = 81.34 ± 20.57 kg). The fitness tests included: pushups and sit-ups completed in 60 s; vertical jump (VJ); medicine ball throw with a 2-kg ball (MBT); 75-yard pursuit run (75PR), and multi-stage fitness test shuttles (MSFT). A univariate analysis of variance (p < 0.05), with sex as the covariate, was conducted to determine the difference between LA (n = 510) and PA (n = 70) recruits. There was a significant difference in push-ups and sit-ups between LA and PA, with recruits from the PA performing significantly more repetitions in the push-up (47 ± 13 vs. 42 ± 15) and sit-up (41 ± 9 vs. 35 ± 9) tests. There were no significant differences between LA and PA recruits in the other tests. The differences in the strength endurance tests may be indicative of the larger variation within a greater hiring pool to fill vacant positions for the LA in this study, leading to a greater range of fitness levels in their recruits. PA could also be more selective in their hiring if there are more applicants than positions, although this cannot be confirmed from this study. Nonetheless, due to select fitness differences between LA and PA recruits, LEA staff should recognize that differences that may exist in recruits from different agencies prior to training. Future analysis is needed to determine where any fitness differences that may exist between agencies prior to academy is influenced by training advice provided by the agency, or more selective hiring practices.",
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Hernandez, E, Beitzel, MM, Heredia, C, Dulla, J, Dawes, JJ, Orr, RM & Lockie, RG 2018, 'Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies' The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States, 26/10/18 - 27/10/18, .

Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies. / Hernandez, Erika; Beitzel, Maria M.; Heredia, Caitlin; Dulla, Joseph; Dawes, Jay J.; Orr, Rob Marc; Lockie, Robert G.

2018. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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T1 - Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies

AU - Hernandez, Erika

AU - Beitzel, Maria M.

AU - Heredia, Caitlin

AU - Dulla, Joseph

AU - Dawes, Jay J.

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Lockie, Robert G.

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - Larger law enforcement agencies (LEAs) will often hold academy training classes that include recruits hired by the large agency (LA), and recruits hired by smaller agencies (referred to as participating agencies; PA). Ideally, recruits should have adequate levels of physical fitness prior to academy as higher levels of fitness increase their likelihood of completing academy training. However, LA that need to fill more positions may have recruits with a wider range of fitness levels. The purpose of this study was to compare the physical characteristics and fitness of incoming law enforcement recruits from a LA and PA prior to academy. Retrospective analysis was conducted on eight academy classes, with a total of 581 recruits (481 males, 100 females). Physical characteristics measured were: age (LA = 27.47 ± 6.55 years; PA = 27.13 ± 4.79 years), height (LA = 172.54 ± 11.13 cm; PA = 175.77 ± 8.22 cm), and body mass (LA = 80.45 ± 13.51 kg; PA = 81.34 ± 20.57 kg). The fitness tests included: pushups and sit-ups completed in 60 s; vertical jump (VJ); medicine ball throw with a 2-kg ball (MBT); 75-yard pursuit run (75PR), and multi-stage fitness test shuttles (MSFT). A univariate analysis of variance (p < 0.05), with sex as the covariate, was conducted to determine the difference between LA (n = 510) and PA (n = 70) recruits. There was a significant difference in push-ups and sit-ups between LA and PA, with recruits from the PA performing significantly more repetitions in the push-up (47 ± 13 vs. 42 ± 15) and sit-up (41 ± 9 vs. 35 ± 9) tests. There were no significant differences between LA and PA recruits in the other tests. The differences in the strength endurance tests may be indicative of the larger variation within a greater hiring pool to fill vacant positions for the LA in this study, leading to a greater range of fitness levels in their recruits. PA could also be more selective in their hiring if there are more applicants than positions, although this cannot be confirmed from this study. Nonetheless, due to select fitness differences between LA and PA recruits, LEA staff should recognize that differences that may exist in recruits from different agencies prior to training. Future analysis is needed to determine where any fitness differences that may exist between agencies prior to academy is influenced by training advice provided by the agency, or more selective hiring practices.

AB - Larger law enforcement agencies (LEAs) will often hold academy training classes that include recruits hired by the large agency (LA), and recruits hired by smaller agencies (referred to as participating agencies; PA). Ideally, recruits should have adequate levels of physical fitness prior to academy as higher levels of fitness increase their likelihood of completing academy training. However, LA that need to fill more positions may have recruits with a wider range of fitness levels. The purpose of this study was to compare the physical characteristics and fitness of incoming law enforcement recruits from a LA and PA prior to academy. Retrospective analysis was conducted on eight academy classes, with a total of 581 recruits (481 males, 100 females). Physical characteristics measured were: age (LA = 27.47 ± 6.55 years; PA = 27.13 ± 4.79 years), height (LA = 172.54 ± 11.13 cm; PA = 175.77 ± 8.22 cm), and body mass (LA = 80.45 ± 13.51 kg; PA = 81.34 ± 20.57 kg). The fitness tests included: pushups and sit-ups completed in 60 s; vertical jump (VJ); medicine ball throw with a 2-kg ball (MBT); 75-yard pursuit run (75PR), and multi-stage fitness test shuttles (MSFT). A univariate analysis of variance (p < 0.05), with sex as the covariate, was conducted to determine the difference between LA (n = 510) and PA (n = 70) recruits. There was a significant difference in push-ups and sit-ups between LA and PA, with recruits from the PA performing significantly more repetitions in the push-up (47 ± 13 vs. 42 ± 15) and sit-up (41 ± 9 vs. 35 ± 9) tests. There were no significant differences between LA and PA recruits in the other tests. The differences in the strength endurance tests may be indicative of the larger variation within a greater hiring pool to fill vacant positions for the LA in this study, leading to a greater range of fitness levels in their recruits. PA could also be more selective in their hiring if there are more applicants than positions, although this cannot be confirmed from this study. Nonetheless, due to select fitness differences between LA and PA recruits, LEA staff should recognize that differences that may exist in recruits from different agencies prior to training. Future analysis is needed to determine where any fitness differences that may exist between agencies prior to academy is influenced by training advice provided by the agency, or more selective hiring practices.

UR - https://www.acsm.org/docs/default-source/default-document-library/swacsm-2018-program684bdc1fc67b43fe9b81c68223661da0.pdf?sfvrsn=a95abbd4_0

M3 - Poster

ER -

Hernandez E, Beitzel MM, Heredia C, Dulla J, Dawes JJ, Orr RM et al. Difference in Physical Characteristics and Fitness of Recruits from Smaller Versus Larger Law Enforcement Agencies. 2018. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.