Diagnosis of heart failure in primary care

F. D. R. Hobbs*, J. Doust, J. Mant, M. R. Cowie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
269 Downloads (Pure)


Heart failure is a syndrome resulting from a structural or functional cardiac disorder. For a diagnosis of heart failure to be made, there should be symptoms or signs, such as breathlessness, effort intolerance or fluid retention, together with objective evidence of cardiac dysfunction.

Heart failure is an increasingly important chronic disease syndrome, associated with poor prognosis, poor quality of life for patients, and high healthcare costs.1 w1 In the general population, where all grades of heart failure are represented, 5 year mortality is around 42%2; however, where the diagnosis is established during a hospital admission, 5 year mortality is between 50–75%,3 w2 although the prognosis has improved in the past 10 years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1777
Number of pages5
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


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