Development, validation and deployment of the EmployABILITY scale

Dawn Bennett*, Subramaniam Ananthram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents the development, validation and deployment of a scale with which higher education students self-assess their perceived employability. Underpinned by social cognitive career theory and Yorke and Knight’s (2007) USEM model for students’ attainment of employability, a perceived employability questionnaire was developed and piloted with 1849 university students. The final questionnaire was administered with students from over 15 Australian universities, resulting in a sample of 10,193 students. The scale was validated using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, resulting in a 14-factor employability measure that met the acceptable validity thresholds. The multi-factor perceived employability scale validates the USEM model and has implications for theory and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1311-1325
Number of pages15
JournalStudies in Higher Education
Issue number7
Early online date17 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


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