Development of a Multifunctional BIM Maturity Model

Cong Liang*, Weisheng Lu, Steve Rowlinson, Xiaoling Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


By showing users different stages of building information modeling (BIM) development and offering a roadmap to these stages, BIM maturity models have become useful means of BIM diffusion around the world. Nevertheless, existing models fail to recognize and measure BIM maturity in different units of analysis, including individual projects, companies, or the construction industry as a whole. This research aims to develop a multifunctional BIM maturity model. A reiterative approach is adopted to identify domains, subdomains, and their rubrics, which are organized in a hierarchical structure to form the BIM maturity model. This research is of particular value. It joins the theoretical debate on the "stool" of BIM maturity including technology, process, and protocol, instead of treating BIM as a technology only. The model is also of immediate practical use. It can be used to evaluate BIM maturity in individual projects, companies with a portfolio of projects, or the industry as a whole. Moreover, the different units of BIM maturity analysis are innovatively integrated in a single, vivid presentation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number06016003
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


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