Development and preliminary usability testing of an electronic conversation guide incorporating patient values and prognostic information in preparation for older people's decision-making near the end of life

Magnolia Cardona, Ebony T Lewis, Alex Bannach-Brown, Genevieve Ip, Janice Tan, Eyza Koreshe, Joshua Head, Jin Jie Lee, Shirley Rangel, Lorraine Bublitz, Connor Forbes, Amanda Murray, Isabella Marechal-Ross, Nikita Bathla, Ruth Kusnadi, Peter G Brown, Hatem Alkhouri, Maree Ticehurst, Nigel H Lovell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Initiating end-of-life conversations can be daunting for clinicians and overwhelming for patients and families. This leads to delays in communicating prognosis and preparing for the inevitable in old age, often generating potentially harmful overtreatment and poor-quality deaths. We aimed to develop an electronic resource, called Communicating Health Alternatives Tool (CHAT) that was compatible with hospital medical records software to facilitate preparation for shared decision-making across health settings with older adults deemed to be in the last year of life. 

The project used mixed methods including: literature review, user-directed specifications, web-based interface development with authentication and authorization; clinician and consumer co-design, iterative consultation for user testing; and ongoing developer integration of user feedback. An internet-based conversation guide to facilitate clinician-led advance care planning was co-developed covering screening for short-term risk of death, patient values and preferences, and treatment choices for chronic kidney disease and dementia. Printed summary of such discussion could be used to begin the process in hospital or community health services. Clinicians, patients, and caregivers agreed with its ease of use and were generally accepting of its contents and format. CHAT is available to health services for implementation in effectiveness trials to determine whether the interaction and documentation leads to formal decision-making, goal-concordant care, and subsequent reduction of unwanted treatments at the end of life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100643
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalInternet Interventions
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

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