Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of hybrid nitroxide-based non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Komba Thomas, Terry W. Moody, Robert T. Jensen, Jason Tong, Cassie L. Rayner, Nigel L. Barnett, Kathryn E. Fairfull-Smith, Lisa A. Ridnour, David A. Wink, Steven E. Bottle*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)


Dual-acting hybrid anti-oxidant/anti-inflammatory agents were developed employing the principle of pharmacophore hybridization. Hybrid agents were synthesized by combining stable anti-oxidant nitroxides with conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Several of the hybrid nitroxide-NSAID conjugates displayed promising anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on two Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) cells (A549 and NCI-H1299) and in ameliorating oxidative stress induced in 661 W retinal cells. One ester-linked nitroxide-aspirin analogue (27) delivered better anti-inflammatory effects (cyclooxygenase inhibition) than the parent compound (aspirin), and also showed similar reactive oxygen scavenging activity to the anti-oxidant, Tempol. In addition, a nitroxide linked to the anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin (39) significantly ameliorated the effects of oxidative stress on 661 W retinal neurons at efficacies greater or equal to the anti-oxidant Lutein. Other examples of the hybrid conjugates displayed promising anti-cancer activity, as demonstrated by their inhibitory effects on the proliferation of A549 NSCLC cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-47
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of hybrid nitroxide-based non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this