Design Science: How to demonstrate the Simulation Capability to Meet the Objectives in Human-Centered Environments

Nikolche Vasilevski*, James R. Birt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

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Demonstration activity is an essential part of the Design Science Research Methodology (DSRM). The popularity of augmented reality (AR) and gamified mobile and wearable devices instantiated multiple frameworks that implement gamified AR through DSRM. However, the demonstration part did not receive the required attention in the literature, with no explicit guidance on designing the activity. Thus, this study builds on the DSRM frameworks to address this problem by examining the demonstration of human-centred design artifacts, such as in gamified AR simulations. This paper proposes a design pattern for conducting a DSRM demonstration activity according to the best practices and extant frameworks. This demonstration pattern should guide designers, developers, and researchers in selecting the most efficient approach in performing the demonstration. We present a demonstration pattern that can be used to prove the effectiveness of AR (mixed reality), gamification and location-based services. We used this pattern in several DSRM demonstration cycles, from the initial development to a final product. We evaluated the demonstration pattern in two case studies, and the results showed that the demonstration process is reusable and reductive complexity wise. The pattern evolves in the iterations from formative, summative to mixed methods approaches to the demonstration. With this paper, we aim to increase the accessibility to the structured use of design patterns for the demonstration of gamified AR apps. At the same time, we inform the artefact demonstration as well as design and development in the fields of XR and gamification in general.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2021
Event2021 Australasian Simulation Congress: Simulation- Navigating Uncertain Futures - Online
Duration: 9 Nov 202111 Nov 2021


Conference2021 Australasian Simulation Congress
Abbreviated titleASC 2021
Internet address


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