Cyclones, Citizenship for Sale & Global Climate Justice

Michael B. Krakat

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch


Global climate change effectively connects with climate- and disaster induced migrations (such as natural disasters, pollution or pandemics). It is suggested that legislators -as well as
educators- may consider reconciling these areas from multiple viewpoints. One of these viewpoints is the direct sale of citizenship absent any or most naturalization requirements. The paper argues that the requirements of citizenship are in need to be revisited in face of global climate change and associated considerations for justice. The paper will raise some of the following considerations:
Could the trade of carbon certificates and the sale of passports connect, and if so, how? Will there be
moral or even international law obligations on states to sell passports for reduced prices when
facing climate induced migrations? What are the requirements on the sale of citizenship when facing
global disasters, and do instruments such as quotas or funds assist in alleviating injustices?
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
EventClimate Change, Law and Legal Education Conference - Bond University, Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 26 Feb 202127 Feb 2021


ConferenceClimate Change, Law and Legal Education Conference
CityGold Coast
Internet address


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