Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up

Tim Henwood, Bothaina H Hassan, Paul A. Swinton, Hugh Senior, Justin Keogh

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Abstract

The consequences of and transition into sarcopenia with long-term survival was investigated in the nursing home setting. Eligible residents from 11 nursing homes were followed-up 18-months after their assessment for sarcopenia using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria, with other demographic, physical and cognitive health measures collected. Of the 102 older adults who consented at baseline, 22 had died and 58 agreed to participate at follow-up, 51.7% of whom had sarcopenic. Sarcopenia at baseline was associated with a depression (p < .001), but not mortality, hospitalization, falls or cognitive decline at follow-up. Age was the strongest predictor of mortality (p = .05) with the relative risk of death increasing 5.2% each year. The prevalence of sarcopenia is high and increases with long-term survival in end-of-life care. However, the risk of sarcopenia-related mortality is not as great as from increasing age alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-411
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume38
Issue number5
Early online date11 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

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Sarcopenia
Nursing Homes
Mortality
Terminal Care
Hospitalization
Demography
Depression
Health

Cite this

Henwood, Tim ; Hassan, Bothaina H ; Swinton, Paul A. ; Senior, Hugh ; Keogh, Justin. / Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up. In: Geriatric Nursing. 2017 ; Vol. 38, No. 5. pp. 406-411.
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Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up. / Henwood, Tim; Hassan, Bothaina H; Swinton, Paul A.; Senior, Hugh; Keogh, Justin.

In: Geriatric Nursing, Vol. 38, No. 5, 01.09.2017, p. 406-411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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