Comparison of surf lifesaver pressure point control and a commercial arterial tourniquet for major lower limb haemorrhage: A randomised controlled crossover pilot trial

James Furness*, Philip Abery, Kevin Kemp-Smith, Kimberly Bruce, David Lamon, Nicholas Taylor, Philip Jones, Peter Snelling,

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective
This pilot study compared non-medically trained surf lifesavers' (SLS) ability, after infographic training, to occlude the femoral artery using a pressure point (PP) versus an arterial tourniquet (AT).

Methods
Using a crossover design, eight SLS applied PP and AT to a participant's leg to occlude the femoral artery. Arterial flow, application time and perceived difficulty were recorded.

Results
PP achieved 89.7% and 50.8% blood flow reduction for PP and AT, respectively. Average application time was 50.63 and 113.5 s for PP and AT, respectively. Perceived difficulty using a Likert scale from 0 to 10 (0 being no difficulty and 10 being maximal difficulty) was 2.75 and 3.50 for PP and AT, respectively.

Conclusion
Infographic-trained SLS showed superior blood flow occlusion using PP. This pilot study will inform a larger trial for untrained beachgoers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-3
Number of pages3
JournalEMA - Emergency Medicine Australasia
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sept 2023

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