Childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse in relation to depression and coping

S. Lee, Michael Lyvers, M. S. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objectives: To examine relationships between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), substance abuse, substance abuse relapse, depression and coping styles in an Australian sample. Methods: Participants were 79 adults actively seeking treatment for substance abuse or CSA. CSA and substance use history were assessed using a purpose built questionnaire. Depression was assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II), and coping styles were evaluated using the Coping Scale for Adults. Results: Among substance abusers, self-reported CSA history was associated with (1) severe depression; (2) less optimistic coping; (3) longer duration of substance abuse; and (4) the use of drugs to alleviate negative moods. A non-substance-abusing CSA group was remarkably similar to the CSA substance-abusing group on all measures. Penetrative abuse, younger age at CSA onset, and lack of confidence in dealing with CSA were associated with more severe depression in CSA victims. Conclusions: Despite several limitations of the present study, these findings have implications for treatment of substance abusing CSA victims and suggest directions for future research on the CSA-substance disorder relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-360
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Substance Use
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Sex Offenses
sexual violence
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
coping
childhood
Depression
BDI
relapse
mood
abuse
Group
confidence
History
drug
Recurrence
Equipment and Supplies

Cite this

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title = "Childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse in relation to depression and coping",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine relationships between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), substance abuse, substance abuse relapse, depression and coping styles in an Australian sample. Methods: Participants were 79 adults actively seeking treatment for substance abuse or CSA. CSA and substance use history were assessed using a purpose built questionnaire. Depression was assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II), and coping styles were evaluated using the Coping Scale for Adults. Results: Among substance abusers, self-reported CSA history was associated with (1) severe depression; (2) less optimistic coping; (3) longer duration of substance abuse; and (4) the use of drugs to alleviate negative moods. A non-substance-abusing CSA group was remarkably similar to the CSA substance-abusing group on all measures. Penetrative abuse, younger age at CSA onset, and lack of confidence in dealing with CSA were associated with more severe depression in CSA victims. Conclusions: Despite several limitations of the present study, these findings have implications for treatment of substance abusing CSA victims and suggest directions for future research on the CSA-substance disorder relationship.",
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Childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse in relation to depression and coping. / Lee, S.; Lyvers, Michael; Edwards, M. S.

In: Journal of Substance Use, Vol. 13, No. 5, 2008, p. 349-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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