Cancer Incidence & Cancer Mortality vis-à-vis Correlation, Co-integration and Causation

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Cancer is the leading cause of death in Australia. It is estimated that more than 130,000 cases will be
diagnosed with cancer in 2017 and further, that the estimated
number of deaths will be around 50,000. If we look at the time
series data of cancer incidence and cancer mortality it seems
there is a very high significant correlation between these
variables. This may be spurious and misinterpreted which is
quite often the case in epidemiological studies. In this paper we
have introduced the concept of co-integration and shown that
although cancer incidences are increasing very fast, cancer
mortality is not increasing that fast. This paper demonstrated
that there is no long term relationship or co-integration
between these two variables. However, there exists a short-run
causal relationship from cancer to mortality for the cases of
lung and prostate cancers. The impulse response function
reveals that the mortality peaks at second year and the effect
gradually disappear after 8 years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2021
EditorsYufei Huang, Lukasz Kurgan, Feng Luo, Xiaohua Hu, Yidong Chen, Edward Dougherty, Andrzej Kloczkowski, Yaohang Li
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781665401265
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-0126-5/21
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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