Can procrastination be effective? A study of white-collar employees and university students

Richard E. Hicks, James Storey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Procrastination is normally related to debilitating and restricted productivity, but can there be ‘effective procrastination’. The present study compared different theoretical aspects of procrastination (including active and passive forms) in relation to personal self-efficacy in workplace and university contexts. A sample of 185 participants comprising 59 white-collar workers and 126 university undergraduate and postgraduate students completed a survey measuring general procrastination, passive procrastination, active delay, and self-efficacy. University students exhibited higher general procrastination scores while white-collar workers showed higher active procrastination (active delay) scores. Self-efficacy was negatively associated with general and passive procrastination, and positively with active procrastination. It seems those viewing themselves with self-confidence can delay their work successfully, thus being ‘effective procrastinators’. Further investigation is required to validate and extend the present study’s findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Business Research
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Procrastination
Employees
Self-efficacy
White-collar workers
Self-confidence
Undergraduate
Productivity
Work place

Cite this

@article{64706c92dc874cc29ccc13476e4fae3a,
title = "Can procrastination be effective? A study of white-collar employees and university students",
abstract = "Procrastination is normally related to debilitating and restricted productivity, but can there be ‘effective procrastination’. The present study compared different theoretical aspects of procrastination (including active and passive forms) in relation to personal self-efficacy in workplace and university contexts. A sample of 185 participants comprising 59 white-collar workers and 126 university undergraduate and postgraduate students completed a survey measuring general procrastination, passive procrastination, active delay, and self-efficacy. University students exhibited higher general procrastination scores while white-collar workers showed higher active procrastination (active delay) scores. Self-efficacy was negatively associated with general and passive procrastination, and positively with active procrastination. It seems those viewing themselves with self-confidence can delay their work successfully, thus being ‘effective procrastinators’. Further investigation is required to validate and extend the present study’s findings.",
author = "Hicks, {Richard E.} and James Storey",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.18374/IJBR-15-1.4",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "39--48",
journal = "International Journal of Business Research",
issn = "1554-5466",
publisher = "International Academy of Business and Economics",
number = "1",

}

Can procrastination be effective? A study of white-collar employees and university students. / Hicks, Richard E.; Storey, James.

In: International Journal of Business Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2015, p. 39-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can procrastination be effective? A study of white-collar employees and university students

AU - Hicks, Richard E.

AU - Storey, James

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Procrastination is normally related to debilitating and restricted productivity, but can there be ‘effective procrastination’. The present study compared different theoretical aspects of procrastination (including active and passive forms) in relation to personal self-efficacy in workplace and university contexts. A sample of 185 participants comprising 59 white-collar workers and 126 university undergraduate and postgraduate students completed a survey measuring general procrastination, passive procrastination, active delay, and self-efficacy. University students exhibited higher general procrastination scores while white-collar workers showed higher active procrastination (active delay) scores. Self-efficacy was negatively associated with general and passive procrastination, and positively with active procrastination. It seems those viewing themselves with self-confidence can delay their work successfully, thus being ‘effective procrastinators’. Further investigation is required to validate and extend the present study’s findings.

AB - Procrastination is normally related to debilitating and restricted productivity, but can there be ‘effective procrastination’. The present study compared different theoretical aspects of procrastination (including active and passive forms) in relation to personal self-efficacy in workplace and university contexts. A sample of 185 participants comprising 59 white-collar workers and 126 university undergraduate and postgraduate students completed a survey measuring general procrastination, passive procrastination, active delay, and self-efficacy. University students exhibited higher general procrastination scores while white-collar workers showed higher active procrastination (active delay) scores. Self-efficacy was negatively associated with general and passive procrastination, and positively with active procrastination. It seems those viewing themselves with self-confidence can delay their work successfully, thus being ‘effective procrastinators’. Further investigation is required to validate and extend the present study’s findings.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954467982&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.18374/IJBR-15-1.4

DO - 10.18374/IJBR-15-1.4

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 39

EP - 48

JO - International Journal of Business Research

JF - International Journal of Business Research

SN - 1554-5466

IS - 1

ER -