Can institutions explain cross country differences in innovative activity?

Cong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motivated by theoretical arguments (see e.g. Romer (2010) and Mokyr (2008)) that assert a positive impact of institutions on R&D, this paper aims to provide some empirical analysis on the relationship between the two variables. In particular, using a core sample of 98 countries over the period 1996-2009, this paper has found a significant direct effect of institutions on R&D intensity. Countries with better institutions qualities as captured by the World Banks' Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) tend to attract more scientists and engineers into the research field and to spend more on R&D as well. This paper has also found evidence that the effect of institutions varies in different economies characterized by different levels of financial development and human capital accumulation, but stays relatively unchanged across countries with different levels of trade openness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-145
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Macroeconomics
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

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World Bank
Human capital accumulation
Financial development
Country differences
Trade openness
Governance
Engineers
Direct effect
Field research
Empirical analysis
Innovative activity

Cite this

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Can institutions explain cross country differences in innovative activity? / Wang, Cong.

In: Journal of Macroeconomics, Vol. 37, 09.2013, p. 128-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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