Can infant mortality, female education, urbanization and income explain fertility decline in developing countries?

Cong Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Motivated by the wide spread fertility transition phenomenon in developing countries following the end of World War II, and the four stand out hypotheses on demographic transitions in the literatures that concern the relationship between fertility and infant mortality, female education, urbanization and income, this paper is a serious attempt on checking the demographic theories against the developing world’s reality. By collecting a panel of data for 92 developing countries and 51 years (1960-2010) and utilizing estimation techniques such as Pooled OLS, Panel fixed effect with Instrumental Variables and system GMM, this paper has found evidences supporting a positive direct effect of infant mortality as well as direct negative effects of urbanization, income and female education on women’s fertility decisions in developing countries. Among all four direct effects, female education seems to have the strongest impact on fertility.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 42nd Australian conference of economists conference proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationBeyond the frontiers: New directions in Economics
EditorsD Butler, M Mangano
Place of PublicationPerth
PublisherMurdoch University
Number of pages39
ISBN (Print)978-1-921877-12-4
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventAustralian Conference of Economists: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in economics - Murdoch University, Perth, Australia
Duration: 7 Jul 201310 Jul 2013
Conference number: 42nd

Conference

ConferenceAustralian Conference of Economists
Abbreviated titleACE
CountryAustralia
CityPerth
Period7/07/1310/07/13

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