Can emotion explain the Happiness Superiority Effect for schematic faces in heterogeneous backgrounds?

Belinda M. Craig, Stephanie Becker, Ottmar V. Lipp

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Recently, D.V. Becker, Anderson, Mortensen, Neufeld, and Neel (2011) proposed recommendations to avoid methodological confounds in visual search studies using emotional photographic faces. These confounds were argued to cause the frequently observed Anger Superiority Effect (ASE), the faster detection of angry than happy expressions, and conceal a true Happiness Superiority Effect (HSE). In Experiment 1, we applied these recommendations for the first time to visual search among schematic faces which had previously yielded a robust ASE. Contrary to the prevailing literature, but consistent with D.V. Becker et al. (2011), we observed a HSE with schematic faces. In an additional experiment, background heterogeneity was isolated as the key determinant leading to the HSE. Finally, we manipulated mood to determine the extent to which the HSE observed in Experiment 1 could be explained by the emotional meaning transmitted by the faces


Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event41st Annual Meeting of the Australasian Society for Experimental Psychology - Brisbane, Australia
Duration: 23 Apr 201426 Apr 2014
Conference number: 41st

Conference

Conference41st Annual Meeting of the Australasian Society for Experimental Psychology
Abbreviated titleEPC
CountryAustralia
CityBrisbane
Period23/04/1426/04/14

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Can emotion explain the Happiness Superiority Effect for schematic faces in heterogeneous backgrounds?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this