Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games

J. Walsh, M. Climstein, T. Heazlewood, J. Kettunen, S. Burke, M. Debeliso, K. J. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. Whilst there is growing evidence that physical activity across the lifespan is beneficial for improved health, there are many physiological changes involved with the aging process and subsequently the potential for reduced indices of health. The experimental aim was to gain improved understanding of the nexus between health, physical activity and aging by testing the hypothesis that prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) in the World Masters Games swimming cohort would be less than adult national populations. Methods. Body mass index (BMI) of 527 (49.7% male, 50.3% female) World Masters Games (WMG) swimmers aged 25-91 yrs (mean 54.3, standard deviation ±12.2) was investigated using a survey tool. Results. Analysis demonstrated significantly (χ2=44.9, P<0.001) reduced obesity (9% vs. 21%) when compared to the adult (aged ≥ 18years) Australian as well as other appropriate national populations. Investigation revealed, amongst other findings, that in line with trends shown in the adult Australian population, WMG male swimmers had a significantly higher BMI (mean 25.9 vs. 24.6) than their female counterparts (Z=-5.8, P<0.001). Conclusion. Evidence of improved classification in one index of health (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) for WMG swimmers raised the possibility of improved classification due to adherence to sport or that reduced BMI was advantageous, contributing to this cohort competing at the WMG. This proportionately under-investigated population having reduced obesity over national populations was of particular interest given the obesity epidemic, the multi-faceted approaches taken globally in an attempt to halt this epidemic and a usual tendency for increased incidence of obesity with age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-168
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Volume53
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Athletes
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Population
Health
Exercise
Sports
Incidence

Cite this

Walsh, J., Climstein, M., Heazlewood, T., Kettunen, J., Burke, S., Debeliso, M., & Adams, K. J. (2013). Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 53(2), 162-168.
Walsh, J. ; Climstein, M. ; Heazlewood, T. ; Kettunen, J. ; Burke, S. ; Debeliso, M. ; Adams, K. J. / Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games. In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2013 ; Vol. 53, No. 2. pp. 162-168.
@article{edc04c4dedf44008a3898931291d6065,
title = "Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games",
abstract = "Aim. Whilst there is growing evidence that physical activity across the lifespan is beneficial for improved health, there are many physiological changes involved with the aging process and subsequently the potential for reduced indices of health. The experimental aim was to gain improved understanding of the nexus between health, physical activity and aging by testing the hypothesis that prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) in the World Masters Games swimming cohort would be less than adult national populations. Methods. Body mass index (BMI) of 527 (49.7{\%} male, 50.3{\%} female) World Masters Games (WMG) swimmers aged 25-91 yrs (mean 54.3, standard deviation ±12.2) was investigated using a survey tool. Results. Analysis demonstrated significantly (χ2=44.9, P<0.001) reduced obesity (9{\%} vs. 21{\%}) when compared to the adult (aged ≥ 18years) Australian as well as other appropriate national populations. Investigation revealed, amongst other findings, that in line with trends shown in the adult Australian population, WMG male swimmers had a significantly higher BMI (mean 25.9 vs. 24.6) than their female counterparts (Z=-5.8, P<0.001). Conclusion. Evidence of improved classification in one index of health (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) for WMG swimmers raised the possibility of improved classification due to adherence to sport or that reduced BMI was advantageous, contributing to this cohort competing at the WMG. This proportionately under-investigated population having reduced obesity over national populations was of particular interest given the obesity epidemic, the multi-faceted approaches taken globally in an attempt to halt this epidemic and a usual tendency for increased incidence of obesity with age.",
author = "J. Walsh and M. Climstein and T. Heazlewood and J. Kettunen and S. Burke and M. Debeliso and Adams, {K. J.}",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "162--168",
journal = "Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness",
issn = "0022-4707",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",
number = "2",

}

Walsh, J, Climstein, M, Heazlewood, T, Kettunen, J, Burke, S, Debeliso, M & Adams, KJ 2013, 'Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games' Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 162-168.

Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games. / Walsh, J.; Climstein, M.; Heazlewood, T.; Kettunen, J.; Burke, S.; Debeliso, M.; Adams, K. J.

In: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, Vol. 53, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 162-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games

AU - Walsh, J.

AU - Climstein, M.

AU - Heazlewood, T.

AU - Kettunen, J.

AU - Burke, S.

AU - Debeliso, M.

AU - Adams, K. J.

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - Aim. Whilst there is growing evidence that physical activity across the lifespan is beneficial for improved health, there are many physiological changes involved with the aging process and subsequently the potential for reduced indices of health. The experimental aim was to gain improved understanding of the nexus between health, physical activity and aging by testing the hypothesis that prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) in the World Masters Games swimming cohort would be less than adult national populations. Methods. Body mass index (BMI) of 527 (49.7% male, 50.3% female) World Masters Games (WMG) swimmers aged 25-91 yrs (mean 54.3, standard deviation ±12.2) was investigated using a survey tool. Results. Analysis demonstrated significantly (χ2=44.9, P<0.001) reduced obesity (9% vs. 21%) when compared to the adult (aged ≥ 18years) Australian as well as other appropriate national populations. Investigation revealed, amongst other findings, that in line with trends shown in the adult Australian population, WMG male swimmers had a significantly higher BMI (mean 25.9 vs. 24.6) than their female counterparts (Z=-5.8, P<0.001). Conclusion. Evidence of improved classification in one index of health (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) for WMG swimmers raised the possibility of improved classification due to adherence to sport or that reduced BMI was advantageous, contributing to this cohort competing at the WMG. This proportionately under-investigated population having reduced obesity over national populations was of particular interest given the obesity epidemic, the multi-faceted approaches taken globally in an attempt to halt this epidemic and a usual tendency for increased incidence of obesity with age.

AB - Aim. Whilst there is growing evidence that physical activity across the lifespan is beneficial for improved health, there are many physiological changes involved with the aging process and subsequently the potential for reduced indices of health. The experimental aim was to gain improved understanding of the nexus between health, physical activity and aging by testing the hypothesis that prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) in the World Masters Games swimming cohort would be less than adult national populations. Methods. Body mass index (BMI) of 527 (49.7% male, 50.3% female) World Masters Games (WMG) swimmers aged 25-91 yrs (mean 54.3, standard deviation ±12.2) was investigated using a survey tool. Results. Analysis demonstrated significantly (χ2=44.9, P<0.001) reduced obesity (9% vs. 21%) when compared to the adult (aged ≥ 18years) Australian as well as other appropriate national populations. Investigation revealed, amongst other findings, that in line with trends shown in the adult Australian population, WMG male swimmers had a significantly higher BMI (mean 25.9 vs. 24.6) than their female counterparts (Z=-5.8, P<0.001). Conclusion. Evidence of improved classification in one index of health (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) for WMG swimmers raised the possibility of improved classification due to adherence to sport or that reduced BMI was advantageous, contributing to this cohort competing at the WMG. This proportionately under-investigated population having reduced obesity over national populations was of particular interest given the obesity epidemic, the multi-faceted approaches taken globally in an attempt to halt this epidemic and a usual tendency for increased incidence of obesity with age.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878952636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 162

EP - 168

JO - Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

JF - Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

SN - 0022-4707

IS - 2

ER -

Walsh J, Climstein M, Heazlewood T, Kettunen J, Burke S, Debeliso M et al. Body mass index for athletes participating in swimming at the World Masters Games. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2013 Apr;53(2):162-168.