Body composition of male and female Chilean powerlifters of varying body mass

Patricio Palma-Lafourcade, Diego Cisterna, Jordan Hernandez, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Justin W. Keogh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aim: To examine body composition of Chilean powerlifters according to body mass and sex. Methods: Fifty-six male and female powerlifters were recruited from one national competition. Aside from the official weight categories, males were classified as the lightweight, middleweight, and heavyweight classes. Similarly, females were classified as lightweight and middle-heavyweight classes. Nineteen anthropometric measures were assessed, with lean mass as the main outcome. A one-way ANOVA was used to compare groups. Results: Male lightweight class lifted less (p<0.01) total load (417±30.9 kg) compared to heavier male classes (524±66.7 kg, middleweight; 581±131 kg, heavyweight), and female classes lifted less (p<0.01) total load (221±33.8 kg, lightweight; 254±48.3 kg, middleweight-heavyweight) compared to all male classes. Regarding lean-mass in trunk, arms and legs, total body protein, water, and mineral mass, all male groups had greater (p<0.01) values than the groups of females, while lightweight males had lower (p<0.01) values than the rest of male groups, and heavyweight males had greater (p<0.01) values than the total sample of males (except for legs lean mass, and total bone mineral content). In females, no significant differences were observed between classes, or in total load lifted or in body composition. Conclusion: Heavier male lifters had significantly greater lean mass than lighter athletes. Therefore, powerlifting performance was affected by anthropometric measures, as corroborated by 1-RM scores. However, there was a general lack of differences in body composition between female weight classes, and, as a result, a lack of differences in 1RM performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere101931
JournalMotriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Body Composition
Group
Values
lack
athlete
performance
middle class
Leg
water
Weights and Measures
Body Water
Athletes
Bone Density
Minerals
Analysis of Variance
Arm

Cite this

Palma-Lafourcade, Patricio ; Cisterna, Diego ; Hernandez, Jordan ; Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo ; Alvarez, Cristian ; Keogh, Justin W. / Body composition of male and female Chilean powerlifters of varying body mass. In: Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 1.
@article{ac9d86d96e60409c9a447a9a6e6aa6f8,
title = "Body composition of male and female Chilean powerlifters of varying body mass",
abstract = "Aim: To examine body composition of Chilean powerlifters according to body mass and sex. Methods: Fifty-six male and female powerlifters were recruited from one national competition. Aside from the official weight categories, males were classified as the lightweight, middleweight, and heavyweight classes. Similarly, females were classified as lightweight and middle-heavyweight classes. Nineteen anthropometric measures were assessed, with lean mass as the main outcome. A one-way ANOVA was used to compare groups. Results: Male lightweight class lifted less (p<0.01) total load (417±30.9 kg) compared to heavier male classes (524±66.7 kg, middleweight; 581±131 kg, heavyweight), and female classes lifted less (p<0.01) total load (221±33.8 kg, lightweight; 254±48.3 kg, middleweight-heavyweight) compared to all male classes. Regarding lean-mass in trunk, arms and legs, total body protein, water, and mineral mass, all male groups had greater (p<0.01) values than the groups of females, while lightweight males had lower (p<0.01) values than the rest of male groups, and heavyweight males had greater (p<0.01) values than the total sample of males (except for legs lean mass, and total bone mineral content). In females, no significant differences were observed between classes, or in total load lifted or in body composition. Conclusion: Heavier male lifters had significantly greater lean mass than lighter athletes. Therefore, powerlifting performance was affected by anthropometric measures, as corroborated by 1-RM scores. However, there was a general lack of differences in body composition between female weight classes, and, as a result, a lack of differences in 1RM performance.",
author = "Patricio Palma-Lafourcade and Diego Cisterna and Jordan Hernandez and Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo and Cristian Alvarez and Keogh, {Justin W.}",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1590/s1980-6574201900010018",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
journal = "Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica",
issn = "1415-9805",
publisher = "Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)",
number = "1",

}

Palma-Lafourcade, P, Cisterna, D, Hernandez, J, Ramirez-Campillo, R, Alvarez, C & Keogh, JW 2019, 'Body composition of male and female Chilean powerlifters of varying body mass' Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica, vol. 25, no. 1, e101931. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1980-6574201900010018

Body composition of male and female Chilean powerlifters of varying body mass. / Palma-Lafourcade, Patricio; Cisterna, Diego; Hernandez, Jordan; Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Alvarez, Cristian; Keogh, Justin W.

In: Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica, Vol. 25, No. 1, e101931, 05.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body composition of male and female Chilean powerlifters of varying body mass

AU - Palma-Lafourcade, Patricio

AU - Cisterna, Diego

AU - Hernandez, Jordan

AU - Ramirez-Campillo, Rodrigo

AU - Alvarez, Cristian

AU - Keogh, Justin W.

PY - 2019/8/5

Y1 - 2019/8/5

N2 - Aim: To examine body composition of Chilean powerlifters according to body mass and sex. Methods: Fifty-six male and female powerlifters were recruited from one national competition. Aside from the official weight categories, males were classified as the lightweight, middleweight, and heavyweight classes. Similarly, females were classified as lightweight and middle-heavyweight classes. Nineteen anthropometric measures were assessed, with lean mass as the main outcome. A one-way ANOVA was used to compare groups. Results: Male lightweight class lifted less (p<0.01) total load (417±30.9 kg) compared to heavier male classes (524±66.7 kg, middleweight; 581±131 kg, heavyweight), and female classes lifted less (p<0.01) total load (221±33.8 kg, lightweight; 254±48.3 kg, middleweight-heavyweight) compared to all male classes. Regarding lean-mass in trunk, arms and legs, total body protein, water, and mineral mass, all male groups had greater (p<0.01) values than the groups of females, while lightweight males had lower (p<0.01) values than the rest of male groups, and heavyweight males had greater (p<0.01) values than the total sample of males (except for legs lean mass, and total bone mineral content). In females, no significant differences were observed between classes, or in total load lifted or in body composition. Conclusion: Heavier male lifters had significantly greater lean mass than lighter athletes. Therefore, powerlifting performance was affected by anthropometric measures, as corroborated by 1-RM scores. However, there was a general lack of differences in body composition between female weight classes, and, as a result, a lack of differences in 1RM performance.

AB - Aim: To examine body composition of Chilean powerlifters according to body mass and sex. Methods: Fifty-six male and female powerlifters were recruited from one national competition. Aside from the official weight categories, males were classified as the lightweight, middleweight, and heavyweight classes. Similarly, females were classified as lightweight and middle-heavyweight classes. Nineteen anthropometric measures were assessed, with lean mass as the main outcome. A one-way ANOVA was used to compare groups. Results: Male lightweight class lifted less (p<0.01) total load (417±30.9 kg) compared to heavier male classes (524±66.7 kg, middleweight; 581±131 kg, heavyweight), and female classes lifted less (p<0.01) total load (221±33.8 kg, lightweight; 254±48.3 kg, middleweight-heavyweight) compared to all male classes. Regarding lean-mass in trunk, arms and legs, total body protein, water, and mineral mass, all male groups had greater (p<0.01) values than the groups of females, while lightweight males had lower (p<0.01) values than the rest of male groups, and heavyweight males had greater (p<0.01) values than the total sample of males (except for legs lean mass, and total bone mineral content). In females, no significant differences were observed between classes, or in total load lifted or in body composition. Conclusion: Heavier male lifters had significantly greater lean mass than lighter athletes. Therefore, powerlifting performance was affected by anthropometric measures, as corroborated by 1-RM scores. However, there was a general lack of differences in body composition between female weight classes, and, as a result, a lack of differences in 1RM performance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070521804&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1590/s1980-6574201900010018

DO - 10.1590/s1980-6574201900010018

M3 - Article

VL - 25

JO - Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica

JF - Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica

SN - 1415-9805

IS - 1

M1 - e101931

ER -