Bereavement and cognitive decline

Jessica Carroll, Mark Bahr

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The impact of conjugal loss on cognitive decline in older adults, independent of the effects from protective and risk factors was investigated in a sample of 59 Australian adults (26 male and 33 female), aged between 50 and 80 years old. Twenty-three participants reported conjugal loss and 36 participants were married, single, divorced, or in de facto relationships. Individual differences in Depression, Personal Wellbeing Index and Resilience in Midlife Scale were investigated as potential mediators of Cognitive decline as measured by the Bond Novel Image Novel Location (B_NINL; Carroll & Bahr, 2015) associated with loss of a partner. Those who had lost a partner scored lower on visuo-spatial memory and had slower reaction times, compared to non-widowed participants. Older adults who were widowed found to have slower processing speed compared to younger adults. However, an effect of gender was not found. These findings were only significant when protective and risk factors were excluded from the analysis. Protective factors strongly predicted personal wellbeing in the sample. The findings supported the notion that conjugal loss is related to greater cognitive decline in older adults, and highlighted areas for further research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages33
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2018
Event16th Australian Conference on Personality & Individual Differences: Advances and Challenges in Personality and Individual Differences – Theories and Applications - Bond University, Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 6 Dec 20188 Dec 2018
Conference number: 16th
https://bond.edu.au/acpid2018
https://bond.edu.au/files/3643/ACPID%202018%20Program.pdf

Conference

Conference16th Australian Conference on Personality & Individual Differences
Abbreviated titleACPID 2018
CountryAustralia
CityGold Coast
Period6/12/188/12/18
OtherBond University's Faculty of Society & Design is pleased to host the 16th Australian Conference on Personality & Individual Differences (ACPID 2018) on the Gold Coast, Australia. Bond University last hosted the ACPID conference in 2008. The theme for 2018, a decade later, is on ' Advances and Challenges in Personality and Individual Differences – Theories and Applications '. The main objective of the conference is to share the advances and challenges you have seen (or hope to see), as researchers, postgraduate students, practising professionals, educators, administrators and creative thinkers interested in increasing our understanding of personality and individual differences and their impacts.
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