Attitudes to Learning with Digital Technology: Examining Gender, Year Level and School Decile Differences

Albert Kienfie Liau, Mustafa Asil, Alison Gilmore

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine gender, year level, and school decile (school socioeconomic status) differences in students’ attitudes towards digital technology in New Zealand. The present study examined students’ attitudes toward digital technology utilizing the expectancy-value model of achievement motivation. The data collected were part of the National Monitoring Study of Student Achievement (NMSSA). NMSSA is designed to assess and understand student achievement across the curriculum at Year 4 and Year 8 in New Zealand’s English-medium state schools. Students at both Year 4 and Year 8 had generally positive attitudes toward digital technology. Generally, the association between attitudes toward digital technology and school decile was weak. Multivariate, multilevel analyses controlling for school decile were used to examine gender and year level differences in attitudes toward digital technology. For Expectancy, compared to boys, girls had lower levels at both Year 4 and Year 8. The difference was of a small effect size. There were no year level differences. For Value, girls scored lower than boys at Year 4 but there was no difference at Year 8. The results suggest that there is a small gender digital divide in New Zealand.
Keywords: digital technology, expectancy-value, multilevel analyses, gender differences
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event International Conference on The Future Of Education (IConFEd) 2018: Enhancing Teacher Quality for Better Education - Bayview Hotel Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 10 Jul 201812 Jul 2018
https://ipgktb.edu.my/iconfed/

Conference

Conference International Conference on The Future Of Education (IConFEd) 2018
Abbreviated titleIConFEd
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityPenang
Period10/07/1812/07/18
Internet address

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