Attitudes, beliefs, behaviours and perspectives on barriers and enablers of Australian general practitioners towards non-drug interventions: A national survey

Loai Albarqouni*, Hannah Greenwood, Caroline Dowsett, Tammy Hoffmann, Rae Thomas, Paul Glasziou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many guidelines recommend non-drug interventions (NDIs) for managing common conditions in primary care. However, compared with drug interventions, NDIs are less widely known, promoted and used. We aim to (1) examine general practitioners' (GPs') knowledge, attitudes and practices for NDIs, including their use of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) Handbook of Non-Drug Interventions (HANDI), and (2) identify factors influencing their use of NDIs and HANDI.

METHODS: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of practicing GP members in Australia during October-November 2022. The survey contained five sections: characteristics of GP; knowledge and use of NDIs; attitudes towards NDIs; barriers and enablers to using HANDI; and suggestions of NDIs and ideas to improve the uptake of NDIs in primary care.

RESULTS: Of the 366 GPs who completed the survey, 242 (66%) were female, and 248 (74%) were ≥45 years old. One in three GPs reported that they regularly ('always') recommend NDIs to their patients when appropriate (34%), whereas one-third of GPs were unaware of HANDI (39%). GPs identified several factors that improve the uptake of HANDI, including 'access and integration of HANDI in clinical practice', 'content and support to use in practice' and 'awareness and training'.

CONCLUSIONS: While many GPs are aware of the effectiveness of NDIs and often endorse their use, obstacles still prevent widespread adoption in primary care. The results of this survey can serve as a foundation for developing implementation strategies to improve the uptake of effective evidence-based NDIs in primary care.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002457
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalFamily Medicine and Community Health
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2024

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