Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women

Paula C. Chandler-Laney*, Gary R. Hunter, Nikki C. Bush, Jessica A. Alvarez, Jane L. Roy, Nuala M. Byrne, Barbara A. Gower

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

European American (EA) women report greater body dissatisfaction and less dietary control than do African American (AA) women. This study investigated whether ethnic differences in dieting history contributed to differences in body dissatisfaction and dietary control, or to differential changes that may occur during weight loss and regain. Eighty-nine EA and AA women underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure body composition and completed questionnaires to assess body dissatisfaction and dietary control before, after, and one year following, a controlled weight-loss intervention. While EA women reported a more extensive dieting history than AA women, this difference did not contribute to ethnic differences in body dissatisfaction and perceived dietary control. During weight loss, body satisfaction improved more for AA women, and during weight regain, dietary self-efficacy worsened to a greater degree for EA women. Ethnic differences in dieting history did not contribute significantly to these differential changes. Although ethnic differences in body image and dietary control are evident prior to weight loss, and some change differentially by ethnic group during weight loss and regain, differences in dieting history do not contribute significantly to ethnic differences in body image and dietary control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-208
Number of pages7
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Body Size
African Americans
Diet
Weight Loss
History
Body Image
Photon Absorptiometry
Self Efficacy
Body Composition
Ethnic Groups
Weights and Measures

Cite this

Chandler-Laney, P. C., Hunter, G. R., Bush, N. C., Alvarez, J. A., Roy, J. L., Byrne, N. M., & Gower, B. A. (2009). Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women. Eating Behaviors, 10(4), 202-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2009.06.003
Chandler-Laney, Paula C. ; Hunter, Gary R. ; Bush, Nikki C. ; Alvarez, Jessica A. ; Roy, Jane L. ; Byrne, Nuala M. ; Gower, Barbara A. / Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women. In: Eating Behaviors. 2009 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 202-208.
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Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women. / Chandler-Laney, Paula C.; Hunter, Gary R.; Bush, Nikki C.; Alvarez, Jessica A.; Roy, Jane L.; Byrne, Nuala M.; Gower, Barbara A.

In: Eating Behaviors, Vol. 10, No. 4, 12.2009, p. 202-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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