Assessing differences in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between police academy cadets and incumbent officers

Rob Marc Orr, James Jay Dawes, Rodney R Pope, Joseph Terry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
64 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled. Data included participant age, anthropometric (weight, lean mass and fat mass) and fitness measurements (1-minute push-up, 1-minute sit-up, 1RM bench press, vertical jump, 300-meter and 1.5-mile run). Male cadets exhibited significantly lower fat mass than male officers (12.4 vs 15.1 kg, p=.003). These differences were fully explained by the age differences between these groups (p=.046). Male cadets were more aerobically fit with greater muscular endurance than male officers (p<.001 for all measures). This difference was not explained by age differences (p>.80 for all measures). Male cadets also exhibited higher anaerobic fitness than male officers (p<.001).Age differences only partially explained this difference (p=.01). Female cadets exhibited greater upper body strength and muscular endurance than female officers (p<.004 for all measures), independent of age. Being a police officer, rather than age progression, may largely account for observed lower levels of fitness in incumbent officers when compared to cadets. Formalized physical training programs for incumbent police officers are needed if their fitness is to be maintained and risk of cardiovascular disease minimized.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2632-2641
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Volume32
Issue number9
Early online date6 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Police
Fats
Physical Fitness
Cardiovascular Diseases
Education
Weights and Measures

Cite this

@article{59e9a114f24e4f7dbe1bd25649a86a07,
title = "Assessing differences in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between police academy cadets and incumbent officers",
abstract = "The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled. Data included participant age, anthropometric (weight, lean mass and fat mass) and fitness measurements (1-minute push-up, 1-minute sit-up, 1RM bench press, vertical jump, 300-meter and 1.5-mile run). Male cadets exhibited significantly lower fat mass than male officers (12.4 vs 15.1 kg, p=.003). These differences were fully explained by the age differences between these groups (p=.046). Male cadets were more aerobically fit with greater muscular endurance than male officers (p<.001 for all measures). This difference was not explained by age differences (p>.80 for all measures). Male cadets also exhibited higher anaerobic fitness than male officers (p<.001).Age differences only partially explained this difference (p=.01). Female cadets exhibited greater upper body strength and muscular endurance than female officers (p<.004 for all measures), independent of age. Being a police officer, rather than age progression, may largely account for observed lower levels of fitness in incumbent officers when compared to cadets. Formalized physical training programs for incumbent police officers are needed if their fitness is to be maintained and risk of cardiovascular disease minimized.",
author = "Orr, {Rob Marc} and Dawes, {James Jay} and Pope, {Rodney R} and Joseph Terry",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0000000000002328",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "2632--2641",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "9",

}

Assessing differences in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between police academy cadets and incumbent officers. / Orr, Rob Marc; Dawes, James Jay; Pope, Rodney R; Terry, Joseph.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol. 32, No. 9, 01.09.2018, p. 2632-2641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing differences in anthropometric and fitness characteristics between police academy cadets and incumbent officers

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Dawes, James Jay

AU - Pope, Rodney R

AU - Terry, Joseph

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled. Data included participant age, anthropometric (weight, lean mass and fat mass) and fitness measurements (1-minute push-up, 1-minute sit-up, 1RM bench press, vertical jump, 300-meter and 1.5-mile run). Male cadets exhibited significantly lower fat mass than male officers (12.4 vs 15.1 kg, p=.003). These differences were fully explained by the age differences between these groups (p=.046). Male cadets were more aerobically fit with greater muscular endurance than male officers (p<.001 for all measures). This difference was not explained by age differences (p>.80 for all measures). Male cadets also exhibited higher anaerobic fitness than male officers (p<.001).Age differences only partially explained this difference (p=.01). Female cadets exhibited greater upper body strength and muscular endurance than female officers (p<.004 for all measures), independent of age. Being a police officer, rather than age progression, may largely account for observed lower levels of fitness in incumbent officers when compared to cadets. Formalized physical training programs for incumbent police officers are needed if their fitness is to be maintained and risk of cardiovascular disease minimized.

AB - The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled. Data included participant age, anthropometric (weight, lean mass and fat mass) and fitness measurements (1-minute push-up, 1-minute sit-up, 1RM bench press, vertical jump, 300-meter and 1.5-mile run). Male cadets exhibited significantly lower fat mass than male officers (12.4 vs 15.1 kg, p=.003). These differences were fully explained by the age differences between these groups (p=.046). Male cadets were more aerobically fit with greater muscular endurance than male officers (p<.001 for all measures). This difference was not explained by age differences (p>.80 for all measures). Male cadets also exhibited higher anaerobic fitness than male officers (p<.001).Age differences only partially explained this difference (p=.01). Female cadets exhibited greater upper body strength and muscular endurance than female officers (p<.004 for all measures), independent of age. Being a police officer, rather than age progression, may largely account for observed lower levels of fitness in incumbent officers when compared to cadets. Formalized physical training programs for incumbent police officers are needed if their fitness is to be maintained and risk of cardiovascular disease minimized.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056257228&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002328

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002328

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 2632

EP - 2641

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 9

ER -