Altered ureteral contractility with ageing: Role of the rho-kinase pathway

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Abstract

This study investigated the role of calcium sensitisation in the regulation of ureteral contractility with ageing. Isolated ureteral strips from young (6-month old) and older (3-year old) pigs were mounted in Krebs bicarbonate solution and contractility induced by the α1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine (30 and 300 μM) and 5-HT (10 and 100 μM), recorded in the absence and presence of the rho-kinase inhibitors Y-27632 (10 μM) and fasudil (30 μM). Ureteral strips developed bursts of contractile activity which was measured as area under the curve (AUC) and frequency. Maximum contraction to phenylephrine was significantly enhanced in tissues from older animals compared to younger animals (p < 0.001) while maximum contraction to 5-HT was greater in tissues from younger animals (p < 0.001). Both inhibitors significantly depressed AUC and frequency responses to both agonists in ureters from both age groups (p < 0.05). Inhibition by Y-27632 of phenylephrine (300 μM)- and 5-HT(100 μM)-induced contractions was greater in tissues from older animals than young (p < 0.05). Rho-kinase activity was also assayed in ureteral tissues, and basal activity was similar in ureters from both age groups. Neither phenylephrine nor 5-HT increased rho-kinase activity over basal levels. These data demonstrate the significant role rho-kinase plays in ureteral contractility and possible alterations with age.

LanguageEnglish
Pages31-36
Number of pages6
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume171
Early online date9 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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rho-Associated Kinases
Phenylephrine
Serotonin
Ureter
Area Under Curve
Age Groups
Bicarbonates
Adrenergic Receptors
Swine
Calcium
Y 27632

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title = "Altered ureteral contractility with ageing: Role of the rho-kinase pathway",
abstract = "This study investigated the role of calcium sensitisation in the regulation of ureteral contractility with ageing. Isolated ureteral strips from young (6-month old) and older (3-year old) pigs were mounted in Krebs bicarbonate solution and contractility induced by the α1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine (30 and 300 μM) and 5-HT (10 and 100 μM), recorded in the absence and presence of the rho-kinase inhibitors Y-27632 (10 μM) and fasudil (30 μM). Ureteral strips developed bursts of contractile activity which was measured as area under the curve (AUC) and frequency. Maximum contraction to phenylephrine was significantly enhanced in tissues from older animals compared to younger animals (p < 0.001) while maximum contraction to 5-HT was greater in tissues from younger animals (p < 0.001). Both inhibitors significantly depressed AUC and frequency responses to both agonists in ureters from both age groups (p < 0.05). Inhibition by Y-27632 of phenylephrine (300 μM)- and 5-HT(100 μM)-induced contractions was greater in tissues from older animals than young (p < 0.05). Rho-kinase activity was also assayed in ureteral tissues, and basal activity was similar in ureters from both age groups. Neither phenylephrine nor 5-HT increased rho-kinase activity over basal levels. These data demonstrate the significant role rho-kinase plays in ureteral contractility and possible alterations with age.",
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