Alterations of left ventricular myocardial characteristics associated with obesity

CY Wong, T O'Moore-Sullivan, R Leano, N Byrne, E Beller, TH Marwick*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

468 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background-Obesity is associated with heart failure, but an effect of weight, independent of comorbidities, on cardiac structure and function is not well established. We sought whether body mass index (BMI) and insulin levels were associated with subclinical myocardial disturbances.

Methods and Results-Transthoracic echocardiography, myocardial Doppler-derived systolic (sm) and early diastolic velocity ( em), strain and strain rate imaging and tissue characterization with cyclic variation (CVIB), and calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) were obtained in 109 overweight or obese subjects and 33 referents (BMI35) had reduced LV systolic and diastolic function and increased myocardial reflectivity compared with referents, evidenced by lower average long-axis strain, sm, cIB, lower CVIB, and reduced em, whereas LV ejection fraction remained normal. Differences in regional or global strain, sm, and em were identified between the severely obese (BMI>35) and the referent patients (P

Conclusions-Overweight subjects without overt heart disease have subclinical changes of LV structure and function even after adjustment for mean arterial pressure, age, gender, and LV mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3081-3087
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume110
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

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