Improving the productivity of the allied health workforce is a global priority in response to the increasing incidence of chronic disease, associated healthcare costs, and insufficient workforce volume. Team-based healthcare, specifically allied health transdisciplinary teams, might be a solution to improve the utilization of workforce while maintaining high-quality and value-based healthcare. Allied health transdisciplinary teams can be a valuable solution in settings where care is delivered by different allied health professionals. Transdisciplinary teams embrace overlapping skills and blur traditional professional boundaries, allowing one professional to deliver certain aspects of care without eroding the skills and knowledge that each profession offers. The objective of this scoping review is to systematically examine and map the characteristics, outcomes, facilitators, and barriers of contemporary allied health transdisciplinary models of care that have been implemented in hospital settings. The scoping review was guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology and reported in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Three screening rounds were completed by two independent reviewers. Included sources were synthesized using descriptive and tabular analysis. Nine studies that evaluated hospital-based allied health transdisciplinary teams were included. One study was a randomized controlled trial, five were experimental quantitative studies, two utilized qualitative analyses, and one was a conference abstract. Most studies reported improvements in time-efficiency, quality of care, and positive stakeholder perceptions. One study reported labor and capital cost savings. Barriers and facilitators of transdisciplinary teams were categorized by the authors as person/interpersonal, workflow, organizational or implementation factors. This review presents some evidence that demonstrates the potential of hospital-based allied health transdisciplinary teams, however high-quality evidence is scarce. Further primary research should focus on stakeholder perceptions, and labor and capital cost outcomes.