Alexithymia, Impulsivity, and Reward Sensitivity in Young Adult University Student Children of Alcoholics

Michael Lyvers, Niloufar Hayatbakhsh, Janet Stalewski, Fred Arne Thorberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Personality traits previously known as risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD) were assessed in 29 young adult children of alcoholics (COAs) and 68 young adult children of nonalcoholics (non-COAs). Male and female university students (M age = 22.11 years) completed questions pertaining to demographics and alcohol use, and the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test; Toronto Alexithymia Scale; Barratt Impulsiveness Scale; Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire; and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. Results: Results indicated that personality traits of alexithymia, reward sensitivity, and impulsivity, as well as negative moods, were significantly elevated in COAs compared to non-COAs, independent of current alcohol consumption and drinking history. Conclusions: Findings are consistent with familial transmission of AUD-associated personality traits in COAs, presumably via influences of genetics and/or familial environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-344
Number of pages5
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume54
Issue number2
Early online date15 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Affective Symptoms
Impulsive Behavior
Alcoholics
Reward
alcoholism
young adult
reward
Young Adult
Students
personality traits
student
alcohol
Alcohols
Adult Children
Alcohol Drinking
Personality
Punishment
Personality Disorders
alcohol consumption
mood

Cite this

Lyvers, Michael ; Hayatbakhsh, Niloufar ; Stalewski, Janet ; Thorberg, Fred Arne. / Alexithymia, Impulsivity, and Reward Sensitivity in Young Adult University Student Children of Alcoholics. In: Substance Use and Misuse. 2019 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 340-344.
@article{f8b38d476cd24e38a44e73f611c24128,
title = "Alexithymia, Impulsivity, and Reward Sensitivity in Young Adult University Student Children of Alcoholics",
abstract = "Background and Objectives: Personality traits previously known as risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD) were assessed in 29 young adult children of alcoholics (COAs) and 68 young adult children of nonalcoholics (non-COAs). Male and female university students (M age = 22.11 years) completed questions pertaining to demographics and alcohol use, and the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test; Toronto Alexithymia Scale; Barratt Impulsiveness Scale; Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire; and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. Results: Results indicated that personality traits of alexithymia, reward sensitivity, and impulsivity, as well as negative moods, were significantly elevated in COAs compared to non-COAs, independent of current alcohol consumption and drinking history. Conclusions: Findings are consistent with familial transmission of AUD-associated personality traits in COAs, presumably via influences of genetics and/or familial environment.",
author = "Michael Lyvers and Niloufar Hayatbakhsh and Janet Stalewski and Thorberg, {Fred Arne}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1080/10826084.2018.1512628",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "340--344",
journal = "International Journal of the Addictions",
issn = "1082-6084",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare USA",
number = "2",

}

Alexithymia, Impulsivity, and Reward Sensitivity in Young Adult University Student Children of Alcoholics. / Lyvers, Michael; Hayatbakhsh, Niloufar; Stalewski, Janet; Thorberg, Fred Arne.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 54, No. 2, 28.01.2019, p. 340-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alexithymia, Impulsivity, and Reward Sensitivity in Young Adult University Student Children of Alcoholics

AU - Lyvers, Michael

AU - Hayatbakhsh, Niloufar

AU - Stalewski, Janet

AU - Thorberg, Fred Arne

PY - 2019/1/28

Y1 - 2019/1/28

N2 - Background and Objectives: Personality traits previously known as risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD) were assessed in 29 young adult children of alcoholics (COAs) and 68 young adult children of nonalcoholics (non-COAs). Male and female university students (M age = 22.11 years) completed questions pertaining to demographics and alcohol use, and the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test; Toronto Alexithymia Scale; Barratt Impulsiveness Scale; Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire; and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. Results: Results indicated that personality traits of alexithymia, reward sensitivity, and impulsivity, as well as negative moods, were significantly elevated in COAs compared to non-COAs, independent of current alcohol consumption and drinking history. Conclusions: Findings are consistent with familial transmission of AUD-associated personality traits in COAs, presumably via influences of genetics and/or familial environment.

AB - Background and Objectives: Personality traits previously known as risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD) were assessed in 29 young adult children of alcoholics (COAs) and 68 young adult children of nonalcoholics (non-COAs). Male and female university students (M age = 22.11 years) completed questions pertaining to demographics and alcohol use, and the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test; Toronto Alexithymia Scale; Barratt Impulsiveness Scale; Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire; and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. Results: Results indicated that personality traits of alexithymia, reward sensitivity, and impulsivity, as well as negative moods, were significantly elevated in COAs compared to non-COAs, independent of current alcohol consumption and drinking history. Conclusions: Findings are consistent with familial transmission of AUD-associated personality traits in COAs, presumably via influences of genetics and/or familial environment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055027775&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10826084.2018.1512628

DO - 10.1080/10826084.2018.1512628

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 340

EP - 344

JO - International Journal of the Addictions

JF - International Journal of the Addictions

SN - 1082-6084

IS - 2

ER -