Acute respiratory infections

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Abstract

[Extract] Acute respiratory infections may be classified in several different ways: by their symptoms (fever, sore throat, cough, ear pain, runny nose); by their clinical
manifestations (coryza, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, epiglottitis, otitis media, influenza,
bronchitis, pneumonia); or by causative organism. Furthermore, their symptoms and sometimes the whole clinical picture may be shared by conditions that are not infections (asthma, allergic rhinitis). Some of this complexity is shown in Figure .1
Elucidating the exact location or responsible organism is usually clinically unhelpful. In this section we focus on diagnostic questions that have the greatest impact on the patient with an acute respiratory infection. Sometimes the question is important because it affects the management of the illness (for example Does this patient have pneumonia? Is this asthma or acute bronchitis?); sometimes it is because the infection can have important sequelae (streptococcal infection); and finally there is the potentially extremely important question of identifying possible cases of avian influenza.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEvidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care
Subtitle of host publicationPractical Solutions to Common Problems
EditorsPaul Glasziou, Andrew Polmear
Place of PublicationEdinburgh
PublisherElsevier
Pages299-311
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780702050848
ISBN (Print)9780750649100
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    Sanders, S. L., Doust, J., & Del Mar, C. B. (2008). Acute respiratory infections. In P. Glasziou, & A. Polmear (Eds.), Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care: Practical Solutions to Common Problems (pp. 299-311). Elsevier.