Acute respiratory infections

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Abstract

[Extract] Acute respiratory infections may be classified in several different ways: by their symptoms (fever, sore throat, cough, ear pain, runny nose); by their clinical
manifestations (coryza, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, epiglottitis, otitis media, influenza,
bronchitis, pneumonia); or by causative organism. Furthermore, their symptoms and sometimes the whole clinical picture may be shared by conditions that are not infections (asthma, allergic rhinitis). Some of this complexity is shown in Figure .1
Elucidating the exact location or responsible organism is usually clinically unhelpful. In this section we focus on diagnostic questions that have the greatest impact on the patient with an acute respiratory infection. Sometimes the question is important because it affects the management of the illness (for example Does this patient have pneumonia? Is this asthma or acute bronchitis?); sometimes it is because the infection can have important sequelae (streptococcal infection); and finally there is the potentially extremely important question of identifying possible cases of avian influenza.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEvidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care
Subtitle of host publicationPractical Solutions to Common Problems
EditorsPaul Glasziou, Andrew Polmear
Place of PublicationEdinburgh
PublisherElsevier
Pages299-311
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780702050848
ISBN (Print)9780750649100
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Pharyngitis
Bronchitis
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pneumonia
Asthma
Epiglottitis
Streptococcal Infections
Tonsillitis
Influenza in Birds
Otitis Media
Infection
Nose
Cough
Human Influenza
Ear
Fever
Pain
Allergic Rhinitis

Cite this

Sanders, S. L., Doust, J., & Del Mar, C. B. (2008). Acute respiratory infections. In P. Glasziou, & A. Polmear (Eds.), Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care: Practical Solutions to Common Problems (pp. 299-311). Edinburgh : Elsevier.
Sanders, Sharon L ; Doust, Jenny ; Del Mar, Chris B. / Acute respiratory infections. Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care: Practical Solutions to Common Problems. editor / Paul Glasziou ; Andrew Polmear. Edinburgh : Elsevier, 2008. pp. 299-311
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Sanders, SL, Doust, J & Del Mar, CB 2008, Acute respiratory infections. in P Glasziou & A Polmear (eds), Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care: Practical Solutions to Common Problems. Elsevier, Edinburgh , pp. 299-311.

Acute respiratory infections. / Sanders, Sharon L; Doust, Jenny; Del Mar, Chris B.

Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care: Practical Solutions to Common Problems. ed. / Paul Glasziou; Andrew Polmear. Edinburgh : Elsevier, 2008. p. 299-311.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

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AB - [Extract] Acute respiratory infections may be classified in several different ways: by their symptoms (fever, sore throat, cough, ear pain, runny nose); by their clinicalmanifestations (coryza, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, epiglottitis, otitis media, influenza,bronchitis, pneumonia); or by causative organism. Furthermore, their symptoms and sometimes the whole clinical picture may be shared by conditions that are not infections (asthma, allergic rhinitis). Some of this complexity is shown in Figure .1Elucidating the exact location or responsible organism is usually clinically unhelpful. In this section we focus on diagnostic questions that have the greatest impact on the patient with an acute respiratory infection. Sometimes the question is important because it affects the management of the illness (for example Does this patient have pneumonia? Is this asthma or acute bronchitis?); sometimes it is because the infection can have important sequelae (streptococcal infection); and finally there is the potentially extremely important question of identifying possible cases of avian influenza.

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780750649100

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BT - Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care

A2 - Glasziou, Paul

A2 - Polmear, Andrew

PB - Elsevier

CY - Edinburgh

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Sanders SL, Doust J, Del Mar CB. Acute respiratory infections. In Glasziou P, Polmear A, editors, Evidence-Based Diagnosis in Primary Care: Practical Solutions to Common Problems. Edinburgh : Elsevier. 2008. p. 299-311