Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits

Erika Hernandez, Joe Dulla, J. Jay Dawes, Rob Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Success of recruit graduation from police academies is vital in order to reduce administrative costs from those who separate from academies due to either self-termination or injury. Since law enforcement academies can be physically demanding on recruits, the physical fitness of recruits may influence whether they graduate academy.

PURPOSE:To determine whether physical fitness levels of recruits prior to starting academy affect graduation success.

METHODS: Retrospective fitness data for 311(M=260,F=51) recruits (age: 27.50 ± 6.08 yrs.,ht:1.73±0.09 m,wt:79.75 ± 13.75 kg) from four training academies were analyzed. The fitness tests included: grip strength (left and right hands, and sum of both hands); vertical jump (VJ); 75-yard pursuit run;2-kg medicine ball throw; push-ups, sit-ups, and arm ergometer revolutions performed in 60 seconds; multi stage fitness test (MSFT) shuttles; and estimated VO2 Max from the MSFT. Recruits were categorized into graduated (n=269) and separated (did not graduate; n=42) groups. Independent samples t-tests were performed to evaluate any differences in mean scores between groups. Independent sample t-tests were also performed on the same variables to evaluate any between-group differences based on sex. Significance was set at p≤0.05.

RESULTS: Separated recruits were significantly older, and performed poorer in every fitness test (p≤0.02) except for right-hand and combined grip strength. Females who separated scored significantly lower in the arm ergometer and estimated VO2 Max (p≤0.02). Males who separated were older and scored significantly (p≤0.03) lower in all fitness tests except right-hand and combined grip strength and the VJ.

CONCLUSIONS: Future recruits, both male and female, preparing to participate in academy training should focus on improving multiple aspects of fitness, including their muscular endurance, lower-body power, and cardiorespiratory endurance, in order to better their chances of graduating from academy. Coaches and physical training instructors responsible for conditioning recruits should also emphasize improving these physical fitness levels as well.
Original languageEnglish
Pages49
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2019
Event39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine - Newport Beach, United States
Duration: 25 Oct 201926 Oct 2019
Conference number: 39th
http://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/southwest (American College of Sports Medicine Southwest Chapter)

Conference

Conference39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine
Abbreviated titleSWACSM
CountryUnited States
CityNewport Beach
Period25/10/1926/10/19
Internet address

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Physical Fitness
Police
Hand Strength
Hand
Arm
Law Enforcement
Medicine
Costs and Cost Analysis
Wounds and Injuries

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Hernandez, E., Dulla, J., Jay Dawes, J., Orr, R. M., & Lockie, R. G. (2019). Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits. 49. Poster session presented at 39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine , Newport Beach, United States.
Hernandez, Erika ; Dulla, Joe ; Jay Dawes, J. ; Orr, Rob Marc ; Lockie, Robert G. / Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits. Poster session presented at 39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine , Newport Beach, United States.1 p.
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Hernandez, E, Dulla, J, Jay Dawes, J, Orr, RM & Lockie, RG 2019, 'Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits' 39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine , Newport Beach, United States, 25/10/19 - 26/10/19, pp. 49.

Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits. / Hernandez, Erika; Dulla, Joe; Jay Dawes, J.; Orr, Rob Marc; Lockie, Robert G.

2019. 49 Poster session presented at 39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine , Newport Beach, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits

AU - Hernandez, Erika

AU - Dulla, Joe

AU - Jay Dawes, J.

AU - Orr, Rob Marc

AU - Lockie, Robert G.

PY - 2019/10/24

Y1 - 2019/10/24

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Success of recruit graduation from police academies is vital in order to reduce administrative costs from those who separate from academies due to either self-termination or injury. Since law enforcement academies can be physically demanding on recruits, the physical fitness of recruits may influence whether they graduate academy.PURPOSE:To determine whether physical fitness levels of recruits prior to starting academy affect graduation success.METHODS: Retrospective fitness data for 311(M=260,F=51) recruits (age: 27.50 ± 6.08 yrs.,ht:1.73±0.09 m,wt:79.75 ± 13.75 kg) from four training academies were analyzed. The fitness tests included: grip strength (left and right hands, and sum of both hands); vertical jump (VJ); 75-yard pursuit run;2-kg medicine ball throw; push-ups, sit-ups, and arm ergometer revolutions performed in 60 seconds; multi stage fitness test (MSFT) shuttles; and estimated VO2 Max from the MSFT. Recruits were categorized into graduated (n=269) and separated (did not graduate; n=42) groups. Independent samples t-tests were performed to evaluate any differences in mean scores between groups. Independent sample t-tests were also performed on the same variables to evaluate any between-group differences based on sex. Significance was set at p≤0.05. RESULTS: Separated recruits were significantly older, and performed poorer in every fitness test (p≤0.02) except for right-hand and combined grip strength. Females who separated scored significantly lower in the arm ergometer and estimated VO2 Max (p≤0.02). Males who separated were older and scored significantly (p≤0.03) lower in all fitness tests except right-hand and combined grip strength and the VJ. CONCLUSIONS: Future recruits, both male and female, preparing to participate in academy training should focus on improving multiple aspects of fitness, including their muscular endurance, lower-body power, and cardiorespiratory endurance, in order to better their chances of graduating from academy. Coaches and physical training instructors responsible for conditioning recruits should also emphasize improving these physical fitness levels as well.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Success of recruit graduation from police academies is vital in order to reduce administrative costs from those who separate from academies due to either self-termination or injury. Since law enforcement academies can be physically demanding on recruits, the physical fitness of recruits may influence whether they graduate academy.PURPOSE:To determine whether physical fitness levels of recruits prior to starting academy affect graduation success.METHODS: Retrospective fitness data for 311(M=260,F=51) recruits (age: 27.50 ± 6.08 yrs.,ht:1.73±0.09 m,wt:79.75 ± 13.75 kg) from four training academies were analyzed. The fitness tests included: grip strength (left and right hands, and sum of both hands); vertical jump (VJ); 75-yard pursuit run;2-kg medicine ball throw; push-ups, sit-ups, and arm ergometer revolutions performed in 60 seconds; multi stage fitness test (MSFT) shuttles; and estimated VO2 Max from the MSFT. Recruits were categorized into graduated (n=269) and separated (did not graduate; n=42) groups. Independent samples t-tests were performed to evaluate any differences in mean scores between groups. Independent sample t-tests were also performed on the same variables to evaluate any between-group differences based on sex. Significance was set at p≤0.05. RESULTS: Separated recruits were significantly older, and performed poorer in every fitness test (p≤0.02) except for right-hand and combined grip strength. Females who separated scored significantly lower in the arm ergometer and estimated VO2 Max (p≤0.02). Males who separated were older and scored significantly (p≤0.03) lower in all fitness tests except right-hand and combined grip strength and the VJ. CONCLUSIONS: Future recruits, both male and female, preparing to participate in academy training should focus on improving multiple aspects of fitness, including their muscular endurance, lower-body power, and cardiorespiratory endurance, in order to better their chances of graduating from academy. Coaches and physical training instructors responsible for conditioning recruits should also emphasize improving these physical fitness levels as well.

M3 - Poster

SP - 49

ER -

Hernandez E, Dulla J, Jay Dawes J, Orr RM, Lockie RG. Academy graduation and the physical fitness of police recruits. 2019. Poster session presented at 39th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine , Newport Beach, United States.