Abe Isoo and Kawakami Hajime in interwar Japan - Economic reform or revolution?

Masako Gavin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


This article explores the views of two eminent professors of economics, Abe Isoo (1865-1949) and Kawakami Hajime (1879-1946), regarding their socialist economic theories for easing poverty in Japan during the interwar years (1918-1939). Prior to this period, Abe believed the cure to capitalism's ills lay in a combination of socialist economic reforms (sangyô demokurashii) and individual spiritual refinement. Kawakami, at that time a bourgeois economist, prioritised the spiritual revolution of the rich over any socialist-type economic reform.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-74
Number of pages18
JournalEast Asia: an international quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010


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