A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Interventions that Aim to Increase Self-Compassion on Nutrition Habits, Eating Behaviours, Body Weight and Body Image

Hania Rahimi-Ardabili, Rebecca Reynolds, Lenny R. Vartanian, Leigh Victoria Duyen McLeod, Nicholas Zwar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Overweight and obesity are universal health challenges, with behavioural weight management often failing to produce long-term effects. Various psychological factors, including body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, have been linked to weight gain overtimes. However, the majority of weight loss interventions do not address these aspects. Additionally, there has been a growing interest in the potential benefits of self-compassion as a new approach to promoting both physical and mental health. This systematic review investigated the effects of interventions that aim to increase self-compassion on obesity and weight-related psychological conditions. Four electronic databases were searched using terms adapted from previous systematic reviews on nutrition and body weight, self-compassion, eating disorders and body image. This review was conducted using the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviewers. The search identified six studies that met eligible criteria for the review. Results indicate that self-compassion can be beneficial for weight loss, nutrition behaviours, eating behaviours and body image. However, the number of studies is limited, and most of the studies have serious limitations. Further research using robust methodologies is needed to determine the efficacy of self-compassion on body weight and related behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-400
Number of pages13
JournalMindfulness
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

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body image
Body Image
body weight
Feeding Behavior
eating behavior
Habits
nutrition
habits
Body Weight
overtime
eating disorder
psychological factors
Weight Loss
Obesity
Psychology
Weights and Measures
mental health
electronics
methodology
Weight Gain

Cite this

Rahimi-Ardabili, Hania ; Reynolds, Rebecca ; Vartanian, Lenny R. ; McLeod, Leigh Victoria Duyen ; Zwar, Nicholas. / A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Interventions that Aim to Increase Self-Compassion on Nutrition Habits, Eating Behaviours, Body Weight and Body Image. In: Mindfulness. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 388-400.
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A Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Interventions that Aim to Increase Self-Compassion on Nutrition Habits, Eating Behaviours, Body Weight and Body Image. / Rahimi-Ardabili, Hania; Reynolds, Rebecca; Vartanian, Lenny R.; McLeod, Leigh Victoria Duyen; Zwar, Nicholas.

In: Mindfulness, Vol. 9, No. 2, 01.04.2018, p. 388-400.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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