A research note investigating the leg tuck and plank with potential impacts for occupational testing

Stephen Gonzales*, Kevin Withrow*, Daniela Rubin*, Scott Lynn*, J. Jay Dawes*, Rob Marc Orr*, Robert G. Lockie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


The U.S. Army recently replaced the leg tuck with the plank in their physical ability testing. There has been limited analysis of whether these 2 tests correlate, have any relationships with body composition and strength, or are sex-neutral. Forty-nine civilian college students (28 males, 21 females) were recruited as surrogates for tactical personnel. The following were measured: height, body mass, body fat percentage (BF%), and muscle mass percentage (MM%) measured through bioelectrical impedance analysis, grip strength, leg tuck, and plank. Independent t-tests were calculated to determine between-sex differences for all variables (p < 0.05). Partial correlations controlling for sex were used to compute relationships between the leg tuck, plank, and other variables. Stepwise regression controlling for sex derived predictive relationships for the leg tuck and plank. Males were taller, had greater body mass, MM%, and were superior in grip strength and the leg tuck; females had greater BF%. There were no significant between-sex differences for the plank. The leg tuck correlated with BF%, MM%, grip strength, and the plank (r = ±0.333–0.524). In addition to the leg tuck, the plank correlated with BF% (r = −0.288). The leg tuck was predicted by sex, grip strength, and the plank (adjusted r2 = 0.662). No variables predicted the plank. As there were no between-sex differences and sex was not a plank predictor, it appears this test minimized sex differences on task performance in civilians. However, the leg tuck and plank likely measure different qualities; further research is needed on job task relationships.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2076-2079
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


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