The paper reports a study conducted in New Zealand that further examines contingency propositions that have been the subject of study in India, Mexico, and Wales and for which the results remain equivocal. Specifically, the relationship between structural dimensions and financial performance are examined while acknowledging the moderating effects of market competition and firm size. Responses from senior executives of New Zealand public-listed companies along with published financial performance results indicate that under high market competition conditions a decentralized authority structure is positively related to financial performance. Under low market competition centralized authority structure and financial performance are positively related. Implications of these findings for control strategy are tendered.