A prospective cohort study of geriatric syndromes among older medical patients admitted to acute care hospitals

Prabha Lakhan*, Mark Jones, Andrew Wilson, Mary Courtney, John Hirdes, Leonard C. Gray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives 

To identify the prevalence of geriatric syndromes in the premorbid for all syndromes except falls (preadmission), admission, and discharge assessment periods and the incidence of new and significant worsening of existing syndromes at admission and discharge. 

Design 

Prospective cohort study. 

Setting 

Three acute care hospitals in Brisbane, Australia. 

Participants 

Five hundred seventy-seven general medical patients aged 70 and older admitted to the hospital. 

Measurements 

Prevalence of syndromes in the premorbid (or preadmission for falls), admission, and discharge periods; incidence of new syndromes at admission and discharge; and significant worsening of existing syndromes at admission and discharge. 

Results 

The most frequently reported premorbid syndromes were bladder incontinence (44%), impairment in any activity of daily living (ADL) (42%). A high proportion (42%) experienced at least one fall in the 90 days before admission. Two-thirds of the participants experienced between one and five syndromes (cognitive impairment, dependence in any ADL item, bladder and bowel incontinence, pressure ulcer) before, at admission, and at discharge. A majority experienced one or two syndromes during the premorbid (49.4%), admission (57.0%), or discharge (49.0%) assessment period. The syndromes with a higher incidence of significant worsening at discharge (out of the proportion with the syndrome present premorbidly) were ADL limitation (33%), cognitive impairment (9%), and bladder incontinence (8%). Of the syndromes examined at discharge, a higher proportion of patients experienced the following new syndromes at discharge (absent premorbidly): ADL limitation (22%); and bladder incontinence (13%). 

Conclusion 

Geriatric syndromes were highly prevalent. Many patients did not return to their premorbid function and acquired new syndromes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2001-2008
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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