A preliminary study of the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong medical exercise on indicators of metabolic syndrome, glycaemic control, health-related quality of life, and psychological health in adults with elevated blood glucose

X. Liu, Y. D. Miller, N. W. Burton, W. J. Brown*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives 

To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effects of a Tai Chi and Qigong exercise programme in adults with elevated blood glucose. 

Design, Setting, and Participants 

A single group pre–post feasibility trial with 11 participants (3 male and 8 female; aged 42-65 years) with elevated blood glucose. 

Intervention Participants attended Tai Chi and Qigong exercise training for 1 to 1.5 h, 3 times per week for 12 weeks, and were encouraged to practise the exercises at home. 

Main Outcome 

Measures Indicators of metabolic syndrome (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, HDLcholesterol); glucose control (HbA1c, fasting insulin and insulin resistance (HOMA)); health-related quality of life; stress and depressive symptoms. 

Results 

There was good adherence and high acceptability. There were significant improvements in four of the seven indicators of metabolic syndrome including BMI (mean difference 21.05, p>0.001), waist circumference (22.80 cm, p>0.05), and systolic (211.64 mm Hg, p>0.01) and diastolic blood pressure (29.73 mm Hg, p>0.001), as well as in HbA1c (20.32%, p>0.01), insulin resistance (20.53, p>0.05), stress (22.27, p>0.05), depressive symptoms (23.60, p>0.05), and the SF-36 mental health summary score (5.13, p>0.05) and subscales for general health (19.00, p>0.01), mental health (10.55, p>0.01) and vitality (23.18, p>0.05). 

Conclusions 

The programme was feasible and acceptable and participants showed improvements in metabolic and psychological variables. A larger controlled trial is now needed to confirm these promising preliminary results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-709
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

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