A preliminary study identifying risk factors in drop-out from a prison therapeutic community

Sarah Miller*, Jennifer Brown, Carly Sees

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Three different groups of therapy leavers and current residents (total n=80) from Dovegate Prison's Therapeutic Community (TC) were compared on various demographic, criminogenic and psychometric attributes. Statistically significant findings distinguished the leaver groups from current residents and differentiated between type of leavers. Those leavers judged as unsuitable for therapy were characterised by high scores of Psychopathy, Neuroticism, Criminality, Addiction, Venturesomeness, and Avoidant and Schizoid Personality Disorders. Those leavers who had elected to leave the TC were more likely to have a sexual index offence, significant scores on the Multiphasic Sex Inventory, and Paranoid and Depressive Personality Disorders. Logistic Regression analysis confirmed that particular personality disorders were predictive of therapy leaver group membership. Paranoid Personality Disorder was identified as a predictor of all types of drop-out. These findings provide a psychological profile of the different types of residents who have left a prison therapeutic community and can be used to support and inform selection and assessment practices. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd and AFP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-197
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Forensic Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


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