A Pilot Analysis of the Effects of Custody Shift Length on the Health and Fitness Characteristics of Deputy Sheriffs

Kayvon Pakdamanian, Kamran Pakdamanian, Matthew R. Moreno, Joseph Dulla, Jay J. Dawes, Rob Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

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Abstract

Within law enforcement agencies deputy sheriffs are primarily responsible for maintaining order and protecting a community by enforcing laws. Deputy sheriffs may work in custody facilities, where the primary job tasks are inmate supervision and if necessary, restraint. Following custody, deputy sheriffs may be assigned to patrol, where job tasks include the prevention of illegal activities, emergency response, and ensuring the safety of citizens. Depending on the position, shift hours can range from 8- 16 hours (or longer with overtime). Longer shifts may allow for more days off, which in some ways is preferable for some individuals, as it could allow for more family and recreational time. However, long shifts may contribute to greater fatigue and insufficient sleep. The purpose of this study was to provide a pilot analysis as to the potential impact shift length could have on the health and fitness of deputy sheriffs who have been working in custody. A retrospective examination was conducted on 60 deputies. The deputies self-reported their average shift length per week, which provided a split of deputies who typically had custody shift lengths of 12 hours or less (32 males, 5 females), or shifts greater than 12 hours (15 males, 7 females). Health and fitness assessments included: resting heart rate (RHR); resting blood pressure; fat and lean body mass measured via bioelectrical impedance; waist and hip circumference; waist-to-hip ratio (WHR); grip strength; push-ups and sit-ups in 60 s; and recovery heart rate from a YMCA 3-min step test. To compare any differences between the groups, univariate repeated measures ANOVA with sex as a covariate was utilized (p < 0.05). After evaluating the information, it was apparent that there were few differences between the groups. However, the RHR of deputies who worked shift hours longer than 12 hours had a significantly lower RHR (80.73 ± 9.47 bpm) in comparison to those deputies working 12 hours or less (94.03 ± 12.36 bpm). Deputies working more than 12 hours also had a significantly lower WHR (0.84 ± 0.07) than those working more than 12 hours (0.89 ± 0.06). Although this is a pilot analysis, working longer shifts had a more favorable RHR and WHR; these longer shifts could have allowed for more time off and the opportunity to make better lifestyle choices. Nonetheless, no other health or fitness characteristics differed between the groups. More investigation is required as to the impacts shift length can have on deputy sheriffs, and strategies to alleviate any negative effects.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
EventThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine - Costa Mesa Hilton, Costa Mesa, United States
Duration: 26 Oct 201827 Oct 2018
Conference number: 38th
https://www.acsm.org/acsm-membership/regional-chapters/acsm-chapters/southwest/southwest-l2

Conference

ConferenceThe 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine
Abbreviated titleSWACSM
CountryUnited States
CityCosta Mesa
Period26/10/1827/10/18
Internet address

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    Pakdamanian, K., Pakdamanian, K., Moreno, M. R., Dulla, J., Dawes, J. J., Orr, R. M., & Lockie, R. G. (2018). A Pilot Analysis of the Effects of Custody Shift Length on the Health and Fitness Characteristics of Deputy Sheriffs. Poster session presented at The 38th Annual Meeting of the Southwest Regional Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, Costa Mesa, United States.