A DRD2 and ANKK1 haplotype is associated with nicotine dependence

Joanne Voisey*, Christopher Dean Swagell, Ian Paul Hughes, Angela van Daal, Ernest Pascal Noble, Bruce Robert Lawford, Ross McDonald Young, Charles Phillip Morris

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

To test the importance of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) region in nicotine dependence, 150 smokers and 228 controls were genotyped for the . DRD2 C957T, -141delC and . ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphisms (rs6277, rs1799732 and rs1800497, respectively). The -141delC SNP did not show any association but both the C957T and . TaqIA SNPs showed association at the allele, genotype, haplotype and combined genotype levels. The 957C/. TaqI A1 haplotype was more than 3.5 times as likely to be associated with nicotine dependence compared with the 957T/. TaqI A1 haplotype (. P=. 0.003). Analysis of the combined genotypes of both SNPs revealed that individuals who were homozygous for the 957C-allele (CC) and had either one or two copies of the . TaqI A1-allele were 3.3 times as likely to have nicotine dependence compared to all other genotype combinations (. P=. 0.0003) and that these genotypes accounted for approximately 13% of the susceptibility to nicotine addiction in our population. Our findings suggest that the . DRD2 C957T polymorphism and the . ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphism are key contributors to the genetic susceptibility to nicotine dependence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-289
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume196
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2012

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    Voisey, J., Swagell, C. D., Hughes, I. P., van Daal, A., Noble, E. P., Lawford, B. R., Young, R. M., & Morris, C. P. (2012). A DRD2 and ANKK1 haplotype is associated with nicotine dependence. Psychiatry Research, 196(2-3), 285-289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2011.09.024