A central role for Toll-like 4 receptors in interstitial cystitis?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
138 Downloads (Pure)


Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) remains a clinical enigma. Estimated to affect over 8 million women globally, it is a challenge to diagnose and to treat effectively, due to an unknown etiology and complex, poorly understood pathophysiology. Clinical diagnosis is symptom-based, with patients experiencing debilitating chronic pelvic or bladder pain, pressure or discomfort, along with urinary storage symptoms including frequency and urgency. IC/BPS is also associated with depression and anxiety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F910-F912
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number4
Early online date27 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'A central role for Toll-like 4 receptors in interstitial cystitis?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this